HSPT Verbal : Antonyms: Nouns

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Nouns

An antonym of "civilian" is __________.

Possible Answers:

president

soldier

professor

expert

senator

Correct answer:

soldier

Explanation:

A civilian is a person who exists in a city in a non-military capacity. When used as an adjective, the word "civilian" is well contrasted to "military." The best answer is therefore the simple word "soldier." The civilian is not contrasted directly to the ruling class—hence both "senator" and "president" are not good answers.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Nouns

An antonym of "thrall" is __________.

Possible Answers:

lord

civilian

viceroy

trap

socialite

Correct answer:

lord

Explanation:

A "thrall" is a servant or slave to someone else. We often will also use this word in an expression like, "Peter was in thrall to his uncontrolled desire for chocolate." This means that Peter was a slave to his stomach—to his desire and love for chocolate. In contrast to this, the word "lord"—simple though it may be—is the best option. The only close option is "viceroy," which describes someone who rules in the stead of the main sovereign. We need a word that directly signifies being a lord or ruler, however, and to this end, the simple "lord" works best.

Example Question #2 : Antonyms: Nouns

An antonym of "intimates" is __________.

Possible Answers:

leaders

compatriots

educators

associates

adversaries

Correct answer:

adversaries

Explanation:

To be intimate with someone is to be close with that person. Generally speaking, when people are called "intimates," they are considered to be friends. The first contrast that comes to mind, therefore, is likely "enemies." While we do not have this as an option among the words provided for answers, we do have "adversaries," which basically means "opponents." The word comes from roots meaning turned against one another.

Example Question #553 : Hspt Verbal Skills

An antonym of "heavens" is __________.

Possible Answers:

vice

grains

condemnation

inferno

ground

Correct answer:

ground

Explanation:

When used in the plural, the "heavens" are merely the sky—as in the whole contents of space. Because of the Judeo-Christian usage "heaven and hell," you are likely tempted to pick "inferno" or even "condemnation." However, the best antonym for the simple word "heavens" is the equally simple "ground." The contrast here is "heaven and earth."

Example Question #2 : Antonyms: Nouns

An antonym of "deluge" is ___________.

Possible Answers:

precipitation

tedium

draft

precocity

drought

Correct answer:

drought

Explanation:

A "deluge" is a flood. It is very hard to find a tangible opposite to a flood, but we can consider the situation in which there is a lack of water. This would provide a decent antonym for us—enough to answer this question at least. Precipitation is something potentially wet (if it refers to rain or snow), and a draft does not directly signify being dry. The other two options are abstract states that do not apply to this question at all. Therefore, the best answer is "drought," describing a period of dry weather without any rain—quite the opposite of a deluge.

Example Question #81 : Antonyms

An antonym of "sunset" is __________.

Possible Answers:

daybreak

midday

evening

nocturne

noonday

Correct answer:

daybreak

Explanation:

A direct contrast to "sunset" would be "sunrise." A number of these options are good words for saying "not-sunset"—such as "midday" and "noonday"; however, none of these are direct antonyms. The most direct contrast is found in the word "daybreak."

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

An antonym of "equity" is __________.

Possible Answers:

justice

amenity

partiality

distinction

singularity

Correct answer:

partiality

Explanation:

"Equity" describes the character of someone who does not show favorites and is just in his or her actions. It is clearly related to words like "equality" and "equal." When someone is "impartial," he or she does not favor someone in an inequitable way. "Partiality," in contrast, is the character trait describing someone who does show such favoritism. It is therefore an excellent contrast to "equity."

Example Question #2 : Antonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

An antonym of "affiliation" is __________.

Possible Answers:

leadership

commerce

miscalculation

ancestry

severance

Correct answer:

severance

Explanation:

The word "filial" means related to or due from a son or daughter. Filial piety is the kind of respect that a child should have for his or her parents. To "affiliate" is to gather together into a group, as though one party is adopting another as its child. The opposite of an affiliation would then be the breaking apart of a group. To "sever" two things is to divide them. "Severance" describes the process of dividing in this way.

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

An antonym of "generic" is __________.

Possible Answers:

expensive

economical

popular

marketed

specific

Correct answer:

specific

Explanation:

A number of the incorrect answers are trying to lead you to interpret "generic" in the sense of the kinds of store brands of food that are called "generic." In the past, you could buy such non-brand-name foods in containers that had no real labels on them—only the words naming the contents, all in black on a white background. These items are called "generic" because they fit the general description of the item—they are indeed "flakes of corn," as the box might say. The opposite of something "generic" is something that is "specific." This is the actual meaning of the word, for the pair "generic" and "specific" come from the logical notions of genus and species, as in: homo (genus) sapiens (species).

Example Question #1 : Antonyms: Nouns For Abstract Concepts

An antonym of "renaissance" is __________.

Possible Answers:

misconduct

academy

triviality

medievalism

degeneration

Correct answer:

degeneration

Explanation:

Historically, the Renaissance was a period of cultural rebirth, generally associated with the fourteenth through the sixteenth centuries. (There were also smaller renaissances in the middle ages—very important ones too!) The word comes from the literal roots meaning rebirth. The "-naissance" section of the word is related to other such words like "natal," "nativity," and "nascent." The idea of a renaissance in general is one of rebirth and cultural growth. In contrast to this, a period of degeneration is one in which things are falling apart and getting worse. Literally, the word "degeneration" means growing or developing downward.

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