HSPT Verbal : Analogies: Roots

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for HSPT Verbal

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Example Questions

Example Question #6 : Analogies

Sweet is to cloying as good is to __________.

Possible Answers:

horrible

enjoyable

acceptable

stellar

facetious 

Correct answer:

stellar

Explanation:

When something is "cloying," it is excessively sweet. Therefore, our analogy is one of intensification. As something cloying is excessively sweet, so too is something "stellar" very goodexceedingly good. It comes from the Latin word for "star," as though the goodness of the thing in question were "as high as the stars."

Example Question #2 : Analogies

Contrary is to uncooperative as senile is to __________.

Possible Answers:

foolish

expiring

infirm

archaic

deathly

Correct answer:

infirm

Explanation:

The prefix "contra-" or "contr-" generally means against. "Contra dancing" is a kind of dancing in two lines that face each other, and "counterpoint" is a kind of music that has two musical lines that run "against" each other, weaving together melodies and harmonies. When someone is "contrary," he or she acts in a way that is always against other people's opinions. He or she generally is a troublesome personality and is thus someone who is uncooperative. Thus, we are looking for a descriptive word for "senile." While we often use this word to describe people who are losing their memories, the word can describe the more general condition of someone who is becoming aged. Someone who is senile is becoming infirm and weak with age. The word "senator" comes from a similar root, meaning old man.

Example Question #1 : Analogies: Roots From Greek

Selfish is to egocentric as illustrious is to __________.

Possible Answers:

eminent

surprising

model

talented

aesthetic

Correct answer:

eminent

Explanation:

The word "illustrious" comes from the Latin root meaning clear or bright.  Having a "luster" is to have a glow or a shine, and an "illustration" is something that makes its topic clear by means of a kind of example. Someone who is selfish thinks of himself or herself. This is the meaning of "ego-centric," which literally means "I-centered." We are therefore looking for a synonym of "illustrious." Generally speaking, this word means well-known—as though a bright light is visible. Such a person or thing would also be "eminent."

Example Question #2 : Analogies: Determining Meaning From Prefixes, Suffixes, And Roots

Map is to topography as timeline is to __________.

Possible Answers:

registration

historiography

chronology

record

history

Correct answer:

chronology

Explanation:

The "topography" of an area pertains to the physical character of that area—its hills, valleys, rivers, and so forth. The word comes from Greek roots that generally mean "place" (topos) and "drawing" (graphia). A map records an area's topography. A timeline records the ordering of occurrences. While this could be historical in nature, it could even be a timeline of scientific facts. The best option is therefore "chronology," which indicates an ordered set of events based on when those events occurred. It comes from the Greek for "time," kronos.

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