# Graphing Exponential Functions

A simple exponential function to graph is $y={2}^{x}$ .

 $x$ $-3$ $-2$ $-1$ $0$ $1$ $2$ $3$ $y={2}^{x}$ $\frac{1}{8}$ $\frac{1}{4}$ $\frac{1}{2}$ $1$ $2$ $4$ $8$

Notice that the graph has the $x$ -axis as an asymptote on the left, and increases very fast on the right.

Changing the base changes the shape of the graph.

Replacing $x$ with $-x$ reflects the graph across the $y$ -axis; replacing $y$ with $-y$ reflects it across the $x$ -axis.

Replacing $x$ with $x+h$ translates the graph $h$ units to the left.

Replacing $y$ with $y-k$ (which is the same as adding $k$ to the right side) translates the graph $k$ units up.