# Compound Inequalities

A
**
compound inequality
**
(or
**
combined inequality
**
) is two or more inequalities joined together with
*
or
*
or
*
and
*
.

To be a solution of an
*
or
*
inequality, a value has to make only one part of the inequality true. To be a solution of an
*
and
*
inequality, it must make both parts true.

For example:

$x\le -3$ or $x>2$

When two inequalities are joined with
*
and
*
, they are often written simply as a double inequality, like:

$-1\le x<2$

(In other words,
$x\ge -1$
*
and
*
$x<2$
.)

## Solving Compound Inequalities

Consider the compound inequality $-2<x+3<7$ .

To solve it, we need to subtract
$3$
-- not "from both sides", as you would do in a normal inequality, but from
*
all THREE parts
*
of the compound inequality.

$\begin{array}{l}-2-3<x<7-3\\ -5<x<4\end{array}$

In case you need to solve an "or" inequality, you can just treat the two inequalities separately.

$-3x+1<-5$ OR $2x+2<-10$

To solve the left part, first subtract 1 from both sides.

$-3x<-6$

Then divide both sides by $-3$ . Remember to reverse the inequality.

$x>2$

For the second part, subtract $2$ from both sides.

$2x<-12$

Then divide both sides by $2$ .

$x<-6$

So, the solution of the compound inequality is

$x<-6$ OR $x>2$