GRE Subject Test: Psychology : Analyzing Research Findings

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Subject Test: Psychology

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Analyzing Research Findings

Which of the following terms describes a study design in which several groups of different ages are studied over a period of several years?

Possible Answers:

Longitudinal

Cross-sectional

Idiographic

Sequential cohort 

Long-term groups

Correct answer:

Sequential cohort 

Explanation:

Sequential cohort studies are a combination of longitudinal and cross-sectional methods insofar as they compare the behaviors or attitudes of specific groups of people over an extended time period.

Example Question #2 : Analyzing Research Findings

Why is it inappropriate to infer casual conclusions from correlative data?

Possible Answers:

Correlations require larger samples

One variable can be related to another without causing the other variable

Correlative data contains more than two variables

Cause-and-effect conclusions require longitudinal data

Correct answer:

One variable can be related to another without causing the other variable

Explanation:

Correlations explain the strength and direction of the relationship between two variables; however, these relationships do not indicate direct causality. For instance, the relationship can be caused by a third variable, called a confounding variable. Correlations—no matter how strong—do not imply causation.

All GRE Subject Test: Psychology Resources

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