### All GRE Math Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : How To Find An Angle In A Right Triangle

A triangle has three internal angles of 75, 60, and x. What is x?

**Possible Answers:**

90

45

60

75

110

**Correct answer:**

45

The internal angles of a triangle must add up to 180. 180 - 75 -60= 45.

### Example Question #1 : Right Triangles

Quantitative Comparison

Column A

Area

Column B

Perimeter

**Possible Answers:**

Column A and B are equal

Column A is greater

Cannot be determined

Column B is greater

**Correct answer:**

Column A and B are equal

To find the perimeter, add up the sides, here 5 + 12 + 13 = 30. To find the area, multiply the two legs together and divide by 2, here (5 * 12)/2 = 30.

### Example Question #2 : Right Triangles

Given triangle *ACE* where *B* is the midpoint of *AC*, what is the area of triangle *ABD*?

**Possible Answers:**

96

24

72

48

**Correct answer:**

24

If B is a midpoint of AC, then we know AB is 12. Moreover, triangles ACE and ABD share angle DAB and have right angles which makes them similar triangles. Thus, their sides will all be proportional, and BD is 4. ^{1}/_{2}bh gives us ^{1}/_{2 }* 12 * 4, or 24.

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Area Of A Right Triangle

What is the area of a right triangle with hypotenuse of 13 and base of 12?

**Possible Answers:**

78

156

60

30

25

**Correct answer:**

30

Area = 1/2(base)(height). You could use Pythagorean theorem to find the height or, if you know the special right triangles, recognize the 5-12-13. The area = 1/2(12)(5) = 30.

### Example Question #41 : Triangles

Quantitative Comparison

Quantity A: the area of a right triangle with sides 10, 24, 26

Quantity B: twice the area of a right triangle with sides 5, 12, 13

**Possible Answers:**

Quantity A is greater.

Quantity B is greater.

The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

The two quantities are equal.

**Correct answer:**

Quantity A is greater.

Quantity A: area = base * height / 2 = 10 * 24 / 2 = 120

Quantity B: 2 * area = 2 * base * height / 2 = base * height = 5 * 12 = 60

Therefore Quantity A is greater.

### Example Question #1291 : Gre Quantitative Reasoning

Quantitative Comparison

Quantity A: The area of a triangle with a height of 6 and a base of 7

Quantity B: Half the area of a trapezoid with a height of 6, a base of 6, and another base of 10

**Possible Answers:**

The two quantities are equal.

The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

Quantity A is greater.

Quantity B is greater.

**Correct answer:**

Quantity B is greater.

Quantity A: Area = 1/2 * *b* * *h* = 1/2 * 6 * 7 = 42/2 = 21

Quantity B: Area = 1/2 * (*b*_{1} + *b*_{2}) * *h* = 1/2 * (6 + 10) * 6 = 48

Half of the area = 48/2 = 24

Quantity B is greater.

### Example Question #1 : Right Triangles

The radius of the circle is 2. What is the area of the shaded equilateral triangle?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

This is easier to see when the triangle is divided into six parts (blue). Each one contains an angle which is half of 120 degrees and contains a 90 degree angle. This means each triangle is a 30/60/90 triangle with its long side equal to the radius of the circle. Knowing that means that the height of each triangle is and the base is .

Applying and multiplying by 6 gives ).

### Example Question #1 : Right Triangles

Quantitative Comparison

Quantity A: The area of a triangle with a perimeter of 34

Quantity B: 30

**Possible Answers:**

The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

The two quantities are equal.

Quantity A is greater.

Quantity B is greater.

**Correct answer:**

The relationship cannot be determined from the information given.

A triangle with a fixed perimeter does *not* have to have a fixed area. For example, a triangle with sides 3, 4, and 5 has a perimeter of 12 and an area of 6. A triangle with sides 4, 4, and 4 also has a perimeter of 12 but not an area of 6. Thus the answer cannot be determined.

### Example Question #51 : Triangles

2 triangles are similar

Triangle 1 has sides 6, 8, 10

Triangle 2 has sides 5 , 3, x

find x

**Possible Answers:**

4

5

2

9

12

**Correct answer:**

4

Draw the triangles

Triangle 1 is a 6,8,10 right triangle with 10 as the hypotenuse

Triangle 2: 3 is half of 6, 5 is half of 10; x must be half of 8

### Example Question #1 : How To Find The Length Of The Side Of A Right Triangle

Given the diagram, indicate if Quantity A is larger, Quantity B is larger, if they are equal, or if there is not enough information given to determine the relationship.

Quantity A:

Quantity B: 7.5

**Possible Answers:**

Quantity B is greater.

The two quantities are equal.

Quantity A is greater.

The relaionship cannot be determined from the information given.

**Correct answer:**

Quantity A is greater.

Since this is a 30-60-90 triangle, we know that the length of the side opposite the 60 degree angle is times the side opposite the 30 degree angle. Thus, , which is about 8.66. This is larger than 7.5.

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