GRE Math : Equations / Inequalities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : How To Find Out When An Equation Has No Solution

Quantity A: 

Quantity B: 

Possible Answers:

The two quantities are the same.

Quantity B is greater.

The relationship cannot be determined.

Quantity A is greater.

Correct answer:

Quantity A is greater.

Explanation:

To solve this problem, expand each function described by Quantities A and B:

Quantity A: 

Quantity B: 

Now note that Quantities A and B only differ in that Quantity A is greater by .

Since we are told that  is greater than  and thus always positive, Quantity A must be greater than Quantity B for all possible values of .

Example Question #12 : How To Find Out When An Equation Has No Solution

Quantity A: 

Quantity B: 

Possible Answers:

The relationship cannot be determined.

Quantity A is greater.

The two quantities are equal.

Quantity B is greater.

Correct answer:

Quantity A is greater.

Explanation:

Rather than manually finding common denominators and adding the fractions together, realize that

Since

Quantity A must be greater, and this can be seen without actually calculating its value.

Example Question #13 : How To Find Out When An Equation Has No Solution

Gre chart

Approximately, what was the percent growth of Beetleton's GDP from 2009 to 2010?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Percent growth is given as:

For Beetleton, this can be expressed as (in terms of billions of US dollars):

Example Question #14 : How To Find Out When An Equation Has No Solution

The sum of two integers is . The larger integer is  greater than the smaller integer. What is the positive difference between the two?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Let us write down what we are told in mathematical terms, designating the smaller integer as  and the larger integer as .

The sum of the two integers is :

And the larger integer is % greater than the smaller integer:

Writing the first equation in terms of  gives:

Which allows us to find :

Thus, the positive difference between the two is found as

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Solution To A Rational Equation With Lcd

 Rational_5

Possible Answers:

–2

1

0

–1

2

Correct answer:

2

Explanation:

Rational_2

Rational_3

Rational_4

Example Question #2 : How To Find The Solution To A Rational Equation With Lcd

Linesmb1

Possible Answers:

b/(m– 1)

–b/(+ 1)

b/(m+ 1)

–bm/(m+ 1)

bm/(m+ 1)

Correct answer:

b/(m+ 1)

Explanation:

Linesmb5

Linesmb4

Example Question #3 : How To Find The Solution To A Rational Equation With Lcd

In the equation below, , , and are non-zero numbers. What is the value of in terms of and ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Pkm_7-21-13

Pkm2_7-21-13

Example Question #4 : How To Find The Solution To A Rational Equation With Lcd

Four less than three times a certain number is equivalent to five plus four times this same number. What is three less than three times this number?

Possible Answers:

The answer cannot be determined from the information given.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The key to solving this problem is deciphering the language and translating it into a numerical representation. The first part can be written as an equaltiy as follows:

Rearranging terms allows us to solve for this mystery number:

From there we can address the problem's question:

Example Question #5 : How To Find The Solution To A Rational Equation With Lcd

The arithmetic mean of , , , and  is 14.

Quantity A: 32

Quantity B: The arithmetic mean of  and 

Possible Answers:

Quantity B is greater.

The relationship between Quantity A and Quantity B cannot be determined.

Quantity A is greater.

Quantity A and Quantity B are equal.

Correct answer:

Quantity A and Quantity B are equal.

Explanation:

The definition of an arithmetic mean of a set of values is given as the sum of all the values divided by the total count of values:

Where   represents the  value in a set, and  is the number of values in the set.

Quantity B can thus be defined as follows:

Which simplifies to:

or, simplifying:

We are told that the mean of , and  is 14, which can be written as:

 

and then as 

Plugging this value into our definition of Quantity B, we can find its numerical value:

So 

Example Question #6 : How To Find The Solution To A Rational Equation With Lcd

Satoshi and Reginald are bottlecap collectors, and Satoshi has 46 more bottlecaps than Reginald. If they were both to receive 6 bottle caps each, Satoshi would have three times as many bottle caps as Reginald. How many bottlecaps does Satoshi have?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The mathematical approach to this problem would be to set up a system of equations; one which represents the current relationship of Satoshi's and Reginald's number of bottle caps:

And one which represents the relationship 6 bottle caps later, wherein Satoshi would have three times as many bottlecaps as Reginald:

Subtracting the first equation from the second equation provides:

Which simplifies to

Solving this yields the value for Reginald's number of bottle caps, which is 17, which can be plugged back into the very first equation to find Satoshi's number of bottle caps, which is 63.

There is, however, another way to find this solution, which is by first looking at the answer choices.

Since we know that Satoshi's number of bottlecaps plus six must be divisible by 3 (since it is three times Reginald's new number of caps), we can quickly eliminate the choices 86, 143, and 52. Furthermore, since Satoshi has 46 more bottlecaps than Reginald, it'd be impossible for him to have 21 bottlecaps.  This leaves only the 63 option.

When taking standardized math tests, where time management is key, it can be helpful to look for quicker ways to find a solution, such as back-solving, rather than just solving the problem normally.

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