# GMAT Math : Understanding exponents

## Example Questions

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### Example Question #1 : Exponents

cannot be determined

Explanation:

Putting these together,

Explanation:

Then,

### Example Question #1 : Exponents

Explanation:

Then putting them together,

### Example Question #1 : Understanding Exponents

Which of the following expressions is equivalent to this expression?

You may assume that .

Explanation:

### Example Question #1 : Understanding Exponents

Simplify the following expression without a calculator:

Explanation:

The easiest way to simplify is to work from the inside out. We should first get rid of the negatives in the exponents. Remember that variables with negative exponents are equal to the inverse of the expression with the opposite sign. For example,   So using this, we simplify:

Now when we multiply variables with exponents, to combine them, we add the exponents together. For example,

Doing this to our expression we get it simplified to .

The next step is taking the inside expression and exponentiating it. When taking an exponent of a variable with an exponent, we actually multiply the exponents. For example, . The other rule we must know that is an exponent of one half is the same as taking the square root. So for the  So using these rules,

### Example Question #6 : Exponents

Rewrite as a single logarithmic expression:

Explanation:

First, write each expression as a base 3 logarithm:

since

Rewrite the expression accordingly, and apply the logarithm sum and difference rules:

### Example Question #1 : Exponents

If , what is  in terms of ?

Explanation:

We have .

So , and .

### Example Question #3 : Exponents

What are the last two digits, in order, of  ?

Explanation:

Inspect the first few powers of 6; a pattern emerges.

As you can see, the last two digits repeat in a cycle of 5.

789 divided by 5 yields a remainder of 4; the pattern that becomes apparent in the above list is that if the exponent divided by 5 yields a remainder of 4, then the power ends in the diigts 96.

### Example Question #9 : Exponents

Which of the following expressions is equal to the expression

?

Explanation:

Use the properties of exponents as follows:

Simplify: