### All GMAT Math Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : Graphing A Line

A line has slope . Which of the following could be its - and -intercepts, respectively?

**Possible Answers:**

and

and

None of the other responses gives a correct answer.

and

and

**Correct answer:**

None of the other responses gives a correct answer.

Let and be the - and -intercepts, respectively, of the line. Then the slope of the line is , or, equilvalently, .

We do not need to find the actual slopes of the four choices if we observe that in each case, and are of the same sign. Since the quotient of two numbers of the same sign is positive, it follows that is negative, and therefore, none of the pairs of intercepts can be those of a line with positive slope .

### Example Question #2 : Graphing A Line

A line has slope . Which of the following could be its - and -intercepts, respectively?

**Possible Answers:**

and :

and

and

None of the other responses gives a correct answer.

and

**Correct answer:**

and

Let and be the - and -intercepts, respectively, of the line. Then the slope of the line is , or, equilvalently, .

We can examine the intercepts in each choice to determine which set meets these conditions.

and :

Slope:

and

Slope:

and

Slope:

and

Slope:

and comprise the correct choice.

### Example Question #3 : Graphing A Line

Which of the following equations can be graphed with a line perpendicular to the green line in the above figure, and with the same -intercept?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

The slope of the green line can be calculated by noting that the - and -intercepts of the line are, respectively, and . If and be the - and -intercepts, respectively, of a line, the slope of the line is . This makes the slope of the green line .

Any line perpendicular to this line must have as its slope the opposite reciprocal of this, or . Since the desired line must also have -intercept , the equation of the line, in point=slope form, is

which can be simplified as

### Example Question #4 : Graphing A Line

A line passes through the vertex and the -intercept of the parabola of the equation . What is the equation of the line?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

To locate the -intercept of the equation , substitute 0 for :

The -intercept of the parabola is .

The vertex of the parabola of an equation of the form has -coordinate . Here, we substitute , to obtain -coordinate

.

To find the -coordinate, substitute this for :

The vertex is .

The line includes points and ; apply the slope formula:

The slope is , and the -intercept is ; in the slope-intercept form , substitute for and . The equation of the line is .

### Example Question #5 : Graphing A Line

Give the equation of a line with undefined slope that passes through the vertex of the graph of the equation .

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

A line with undefined slope is a vertical line, and its equation is for some , so the -coordinate of all points it passes through is . If it goes through the vertex of a parabola , then the line has the equation . Therefore, all we need to find is the -coordinate of the vertex of the parabola.

The vertex of the parabola of the equation has as its -coordinate , which, for the parabola of the equation , can be found by setting :

The desired line is .

### Example Question #6 : Graphing A Line

A line has slope 4. Which of the following could be its - and -intercepts, respectively?

**Possible Answers:**

and

and

None of the other responses gives a correct answer.

and

and

**Correct answer:**

and

Let and be the - and -intercepts, respectively, of the line. Then the slope of the line is , or, equilvalently, .

We can examine the intercepts in each choice to determine which set meets these conditions.

and

Slope:

and

Slope:

and

Slope:

and

Slope:

and comprise the correct choice, since a line passing through these points has the correct slope.

### Example Question #7 : Graphing A Line

The graph of the equation shares its -intercept and one of its -intercepts with a line of negative slope. Give the equation of that line.

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

The -intercept of the line coincides with that of the graph of the quadratic equation, which is a parabola; to find the -intercept of the parabola, substitute 0 for in the quadratic equation:

The -intercept of the parabola, and of the line, is .

The -intercept of the line coincides with one of those of the parabola; to find the -intercepts of the parabola, substitute 0 for in the equation:

Using the method, split the middle term by finding two integers whose product is and whose sum is ; by trial and error we find these to be and 4, so proceed as follows:

Split:

or

The -intercepts of the parabola are and , so the -intercept of the line is one of these. We examine both possibilities.

If and be the - and -intercepts, respectively, of the line, then the slope of the line is , or, equivalently,

If the intercepts are and , the slope is ; if the intercepts are and , the slope is . Since the line is of negative slope, we choose the line of slope ; since its -intercept is , then we can substitute in the slope-intercept form of the line, , to get the correct equation, .

### Example Question #8 : Graphing A Line

Which of the following equations can be graphed with a line parallel to the green line in the above figure?

**Possible Answers:**

None of the other choices gives a correct answer.

**Correct answer:**

If and be the - and -intercepts, respectively, of a line, the slope of the line is .

The - and -intercepts of the line are, respectively, and , so , and consequently, the slope of the green line is . A line parallel to this line must also have slope .

Each of the equations of the lines is in slope-intercept form , where is the slope, so we need only look at the coefficients of . The only choice that has as its -coefficient is , so this is the correct choice.

### Example Question #9 : Graphing A Line

The graph of the equation shares its -intercept and one of its -intercepts with a line of positive slope. What is the equation of the line?

**Possible Answers:**

**Correct answer:**

The -intercept of the line coincides with that of the graph of the quadratic equation, which is a parabola; to find the -intercept of the parabola, substitute 0 for in the quadratic equation:

The -intercept of the parabola, and of the line, is .

The -intercept of the line coincides with one of those of the parabola; to find the -intercepts of the parabola, substitute 0 for in the equation:

The quadratic expression can be "reverse-FOILed" by noting that 9 and have product and sum 7:

, in which case

or

, in which case .

The -intercepts of the parabola are and , so the -intercept of the line is one of these. We will examine both possibilities

If and be the - and -intercepts, respectively, of the line, then the slope of the line is . If the intercepts are and , the slope is ; if the intercepts are and , the slope is . Since the line is of positive slope, we choose the line of slope 9; since its -intercept is , then we can substitute in the slope-intercept form of the line, , to get the correct equation, .

### Example Question #10 : Graphing A Line

Which of these equations is represented by a line that does *not* intersect the graph of the equation ?

**Possible Answers:**

None of the other choices gives a correct answer.

**Correct answer:**

We can find out whether the graphs of and intersect by first solving for in the first equation:

We then substitute in the second equation for :

Then we rewrite in standard form:

Since we are only trying to pdetermine whether at least one point of intersection exists, rather than actually find the point, all we need to do is to evaluate the discriminant; if it is nonnegative, at least one solution - and, consequently, one point of intersection - exists. In the general quadratic equation , this is , so here, the discriminant is

.

Therefore, the line of the equation intersects the parabola of the equation .

We do the same for the other three lines:

Then we rewrite in standard form:

.

The line of intersects the parabola.

The line of intersects the parabola.

Since the discriminant is negative, the system has no real solution. This means that the line of does not intersect the parabola of the equation , and it is the correct choice.