GED Social Studies : Other Organization Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Governments And Philosophies

Which of the following describes a system of goverment that is based upon mass voter participation in all or most political matters? 

Possible Answers:

Monarchy

Representative Democracy

Direct Democracy

Republic

Dictatorship

Correct answer:

Direct Democracy

Explanation:

Democracy describes the principle that the legitimacy and power of a government is derived from the people being governed. There are many ways to organize a government in accordance with democratic principles. Direct democracies are marked by the direct participation of voters in decision making. The Swiss government is perhaps the most prominent government that comes close to being a direct democracy. In Switzerland, it is common for groups of voters to band together and make proposals for laws that are then voted upon by the rest of the electorate, often with little input from elected representatives or bureaucrats. Other forms of democracy, like representative democracy, are distinguished by putting most decision-making responsibilities into the hands of elected or appointed representatives who are accountable to voters. 

Example Question #42 : Governments And Philosophies

Which of these is an advantage that a parliamentary democracy has over a presidential democracy?

Possible Answers:

Fewer economic regulations and restrictions

Legislation can be passed more efficiently.

Power is spread more evenly, ensuring a lower likelihood of tyranny

Greater political power for the average person

A fairer judicial system

Correct answer:

Legislation can be passed more efficiently.

Explanation:

In a parliamentary democracy, the leader of the executive branch will always be the same as the leader of the legislature. In a presidential democracy, like the the government of the United States, there are separate elections for the legislature and the executive branch. This creates a situation where the presidency and Congress may be controlled by different political parties. Because of this diffusion of power, it is harder to pass legislation in a presidential democracy, as the executive and the legislature might disagree; however, there are more checks and balances in the presidential system.

Example Question #43 : Governments And Philosophies

The Constitution of the United States can only be altered by a(n) __________

Possible Answers:

trust 

proclamation

amendment

edict

provision

Correct answer:

amendment

Explanation:

In order to alter the Constitution of the United States of America, an amendment must be passed by either a two-thirds vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the state legislatures.

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