GED Social Studies : Content Areas

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Us Government

The idea that the Supreme Court should play a prominent role in determining the direction of national policy is called __________.

Possible Answers:

judicial aggression

judicial nonchalance

judicial restraint

judicial review

judicial activism

Correct answer:

judicial activism

Explanation:

The term Judicial Activism, or Judicial Intervention, is used to describe the belief that the Supreme Court should take an active and promiment role in shaping American national policies. It is the antonym of judicial restraint, which suggests that the Supreme Court should limit its attempts to intervene in shaping national policies.

Example Question #71 : Content Areas

Judicial Review allows the Supreme Court to _________________.

Possible Answers:

authorize the impeachment of a President

overrule a precedent established by a previous Court

approve appointments to the President’s cabinet

oversee elections and campaigns

declare an act of Congress as unconstitutional

Correct answer:

declare an act of Congress as unconstitutional

Explanation:

Judicial Review is one of the more important powers of the Supreme Court and the Judicial Branch of the United States government. It was established in the Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison, in 1803. It allows the Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional, giving the Judicial Branch the ability to check the power of the Legislative Branch.

Example Question #72 : Content Areas

What does it mean to say that a Supreme Court Justice has tenure?

Possible Answers:

It means they are forbidden from holding party affiliations.

It means they cannot serve more than one term.

It means they cannot be paid for their service.

It means they cannot be removed from office.

It means they cannot hold another position within government at the same time.

Correct answer:

It means they cannot be removed from office.

Explanation:

Being a Justice on the Supreme Court is a tenured position. This means Justices cannot be removed from office by either the President or by Congress. They are effectively in power for life, or until they decide to retire.

Example Question #71 : Civics And Government

How many Judges were originally in the Supreme Court?

Possible Answers:

Three

One

Six

Five

Nine

Correct answer:

Six

Explanation:

There were originally six Supreme Court Justices. This was quickly changed to seven in 1807, to prevent the obvious problem of there being frequent ties. In 1837, the number of Justices was expanded to nine, where it has remained—apart from a brief time with ten—ever since.

Example Question #11 : Us Government

The notorious "court packing" incident is associated with which United States' President?

Possible Answers:

Theodore Roosevelt

John F. Kennedy

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Harry Truman

George H.W. Bush

Correct answer:

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Explanation:

During the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt met with a lot of opposition from the Supreme Court, which ruled that many of his policies were in violation of the Constitution and attempted to take the powers of the government and the Presidency too far. To try to remedy this situation, Roosevelt attempted to expand the number of Supreme Court Justices to give himself a majority of supporters on the Court; this was of course met with a great deal of opposition, and is now known as "court packing."

Example Question #1 : State Governments

Powers of the Federal government include all of the following EXCEPT __________

Possible Answers:

regulate interstate commerce.

marriage laws.

coin money.

declare war.

maintain the armed forces.

Correct answer:

marriage laws.

Explanation:

Powers of the Federal government include regulating interstate commerce, maintaining the armed forces, coining and regulating money, declaring war, and collecting taxes. Of these answer choices only deciding marriage laws are not powers of the Federal government. States may set their own laws regarding who can and cannot marry, a contributing factor to the present-day debates over whether same-sex couples may marry.

Example Question #1 : Shared Powers

What majority of Congress is needed to override a Presidential veto?

Possible Answers:

Two-thirds

Absolute

Four-fifths

Unanimity

Three-fifths

Correct answer:

Two-thirds

Explanation:

As part of the American system of checks and balances, the President can override an action of Congress with a Presidential veto; however with a two-thirds vote, Congress can in turn override the Presidential veto.

Example Question #72 : Content Areas

The Eighth Amendment to the United States' Constitution protects __________ 

Possible Answers:

the right to a speedy trial by jury. 

American citizens from forced quartering of soldiers. 

American citizens from cruel and unusual punishment. 

the right to carry guns. 

the right to freedom of assembly. 

Correct answer:

American citizens from cruel and unusual punishment. 

Explanation:

The Eighth Amendment to the United States' Constitution protects Americans from cruel and unusual punishment (including torture) or excessive fines. The Second Amendment protects the right to carry guns; the Third Amendment protects Americans from the forced quartering of soldiers; the First Amendment protects the right to freely assemble; the Sixth Amendment protects the right to a speedy trial, and the Seventh Amendment protects the right to trial by jury. 

Example Question #1 : Constitutional Amendments

Which of these is not a freedom guaranteed by the First Amendment?

Possible Answers:

All of these are guaranteed by the First Amendment.

Freedom of speech

Freedom of religion

Freedom of the press

Freedom of peaceful assembly

Correct answer:

All of these are guaranteed by the First Amendment.

Explanation:

The First Amendment to the United States’ Constitution guarantees certain inalienable rights that cannot be infringed upon by the government. They are the freedom of speech, religion, the press, petition, and peaceful assembly. The First Amendment is the first of ten amendments that make up the Bill of Rights.

Example Question #2 : Constitutional Amendments

The __________ Amendment gave women the right to vote.

Possible Answers:

Nineteenth

Twenty-Fourth

Twenty-Third

Sixteenth

Twenty-First

Correct answer:

Nineteenth

Explanation:

The women’s suffrage movement picked up steam during World War One, when many women stepped into the jobs and roles in society vacated by men off fighting in the war. The movement culminated in the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, which prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of gender. The Amendment was ratified in 1920.

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