GED Social Studies : Content Areas

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Structure Of The Presidency

If a Presidential election takes place in 1860, the next election will take place in __________

Possible Answers:

1864.

1870.

1861.

1868.

1862.

Correct answer:

1864.

Explanation:

A Presidential election takes place every four years so if an election takes place in 1860 the next election will be in 1864. The most recent election was in 2012, so the next election will be in 2016.

Example Question #1 : Us Government

The head of which of these government branches can serve only two-terms?

Possible Answers:

Judiciary

None of these

Executive

All three of these

Legislature

Correct answer:

Executive

Explanation:

The head of the Executive Branch of the Federal government, the President, is limited to two terms. Originally this was enforced by tradition alone, following the precedent established by George Washington; however, after Franklin D. Roosevelt exceeded this limit during World War Two and the Great Depression, the limit was codified into the Constitution with the passage of the Twenty-Second Amendment.

Example Question #1 : Us Government

Any treaties that the Executive branch attempts to enter into are, according to the Constitution, to be subject to the "advice and consent" of the US Senate. Which other set of Executive branch functions does the Constitution specifically state shall also be subject to the Senate's "advice and consent"?

Possible Answers:

The dismissal of the President's Cabinet officials

The appointment of important officials such as Ambassadors and Supreme Court Justices

The President's choice of Vice President

The drafting of Executive Orders

Whether the President can run for reelection

Correct answer:

The appointment of important officials such as Ambassadors and Supreme Court Justices

Explanation:

Article II, Section 2 of the US Constitution states: 

[The President] shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

The President of the United States is vested with the considerable power to appoint thousands of different officials, ranging in power from low level regulators all the way to the Justices of the Supreme Court. This is an enormous task for one person to undertake, and the drafters of the Constitution provided for Senatorial advice and consent as a check on both abuse and poor performance in appointments by a President. 

Example Question #61 : Civics And Government

How many Senators are there for each state?

Possible Answers:

Four

One

It varies from state to state based on each state's population.

Three

Two

Correct answer:

Two

Explanation:

The representatives each state gets varies by its population in the House of Representatives. So, California, which is currently the most populous state, gets a lot more representatives than Wyoming, which is currently the least populous state. In the Senate, every state gets two representatives, regardless of size. The system was set up this way because of a disagreement between state representatives at the Constitutional Convention. The larger states' representatives wanted to have their larger populations reflected by greater representation, whereas the smaller states' representatives feared they would have no power in the system and would be mere subjects of the larger states. A compromise was reached, which is called the Connecticut Compromise, or the Great Compromise.

Example Question #1 : Us Government

Which of these states has the most Senators in Congress?

Possible Answers:

Colorado

They all have the same number of Senators

California

Florida

New York

Correct answer:

They all have the same number of Senators

Explanation:

In the American Legislature there are two houses. The House of Representatives, where each state is apportioned a different number of representatives relative to the population of the state, and the Senate. In the Senate, every State has exactly two members, regardless of the population of the state.

Example Question #61 : Content Areas

The House of Representatives is part of __________.

Possible Answers:

The Legislative Branch

The Department of the Interior

The State Legislature

The Executive Branch

The Judicial Branch

Correct answer:

The Legislative Branch

Explanation:

The House of Representatives is the lower house in the United States’ Legislative Branch. The American Legislative Branch operates as a bicameral legislature, with an upper house (The Senate) and a lower house (The House of Representatives).

Example Question #1 : Us Government

Which Article of the Constitution outlines the powers granted to Congress? 

Possible Answers:

Article V

Article IV

Article III

Article II

Article I

Correct answer:

Article I

Explanation:

The structure of Congress and the powers reserved for Congress are established in Article I of the Constitution.

Example Question #1 : Powers Of Congress

A President is tried for impeachment by ___________.

Possible Answers:

national referendum

The Senate

The Supreme Court

Congress

The House of Representatives

Correct answer:

The Senate

Explanation:

The House of Representatives may bring charges of impeachment against a President, and if the vote carries, he is tried for impeachment in the Senate. Only two Presidents have ever had charges of impeachment brought against them by the House (Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton), but neither were found guilty in the Senate.

Example Question #1 : Powers Of Congress

What name is given to the attempt by a representative in Congress to provide funds and confer benefits to his or her home district?

Possible Answers:

Pork-barrel legislation

Filibuster

Quorum

Logrolling

Cloture

Correct answer:

Pork-barrel legislation

Explanation:

Pork-barrel legislation is the name given by any attempt, successful or otherwise, by a representative to gain some benefit for his or her home district at the expense of national interests.

Example Question #1 : Powers Of The Federal Courts

The Supreme Court Case Marbury v. Madison __________

Possible Answers:

gave Congress undisputed power to regulate interstate commerce.

established the Presidential line of succession.

legalized abortion in the United States.

overturned Plessy v. Ferguson.

established the power of Judicial Review.

Correct answer:

established the power of Judicial Review.

Explanation:

The Supreme Court case, Marbury v. Madison (1803) is the most important of the early Supreme Court cases. It established the power of Judicial Review, which states that the Supreme Court has the right to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional. It greatly expanded the power of the infant Judicial Branch and further entrenched the doctrine of checks and balances that is at the heart of the American political system.

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