GED Social Studies : Content Areas

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Civics And Government

The transfer of powers from the national government to the state and local governments is known as __________.

Possible Answers:

Dual Federalism

the Square Deal

administration

devolution

accountability

Correct answer:

devolution

Explanation:

During the Republican administrations of Nixon and Reagan, many of the powers of the Federal government were transferred to the state and local governments. This policy was branded as New Federalism, but the actual process of the transference of powers is called devolution.

Example Question #1 : Federalism And State Governments

The governor of a state is a member of __________.

Possible Answers:

the state judicial branch

the state executive branch

the state legislative branch

the national executive branch

the national legislative branch

Correct answer:

the state executive branch

Explanation:

In the United States, state governments are set up with the same separation of powers—executive, legislative, and judicial branches—as the national government. The governor of a state is a member of the state executive branch.

Example Question #1 : Federalism And State Governments

The Supremacy Clause in the Constitution is important because it __________.

Possible Answers:

declares that freedom of religion was absolute and permanent in the United States

highlights the permanence of the Bill of Rights

establishes federal law as the ultimate law of the nation and prevents a confusing disarray of local laws

allows the President to override incompetent or immoral acts passed in Congress, thus providing safety for minorities from the tyranny of the majority

allows Americans to elect representatives in government without fearing the corrupting influence of political parties and special interests

Correct answer:

establishes federal law as the ultimate law of the nation and prevents a confusing disarray of local laws

Explanation:

The Supremacy Clause of the Constitution states that federal, or national, law is the supreme law of the land. This is a key component of American Federalism as opposed to the Confederation that existed under the Articles of Confederation. The Founding Fathers observed that under the Articles, the federal government had too little power and the states were free to make their own disparate laws absolute within their territories. Federalism and the Supremacy Clause remedies this situation by ensuring that all state laws must be within the realm of federal laws.

Example Question #2 : Federalism And State Governments

Which of these statements about state constitutions is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

Some of the states have their own constitution, but as it is not required, many simply follow the national constitution.

None of the other statements is true.

All of the states have their own constitution that remains subject to the laws established in the national constitution.

The states are prohibited from establishing their own constitutions and must adhere to the national constitution.

All of the states have their own constitution that supersedes the national constitution.

Correct answer:

All of the states have their own constitution that remains subject to the laws established in the national constitution.

Explanation:

All fifty of the American states have their own constitutions; however, they are all also required to follow the national constitution first, which remains the “supreme law of the land” as established in the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution.

Example Question #51 : Civics And Government

A system of government that divides power and legitimacy between more than one political body is called __________.

Possible Answers:

Federalism

Socialism

Heresy

Orthodoxy

Republicanism

Correct answer:

Federalism

Explanation:

One of the core principles of the American political system is Federalism. In Federalism, power and legitimacy is shared by more than one political entity. In the United States, there is the national government, which retains the majority of control over the political arena, but there are also state and local governments, which have their own areas of power and an established legitimacy.

Example Question #1 : Other Organization Concepts

Which of the following describes a system of goverment that is based upon mass voter participation in all or most political matters? 

Possible Answers:

Monarchy

Direct Democracy

Representative Democracy

Republic

Dictatorship

Correct answer:

Direct Democracy

Explanation:

Democracy describes the principle that the legitimacy and power of a government is derived from the people being governed. There are many ways to organize a government in accordance with democratic principles. Direct democracies are marked by the direct participation of voters in decision making. The Swiss government is perhaps the most prominent government that comes close to being a direct democracy. In Switzerland, it is common for groups of voters to band together and make proposals for laws that are then voted upon by the rest of the electorate, often with little input from elected representatives or bureaucrats. Other forms of democracy, like representative democracy, are distinguished by putting most decision-making responsibilities into the hands of elected or appointed representatives who are accountable to voters. 

Example Question #141 : Ged Social Studies

Which of these is an advantage that a parliamentary democracy has over a presidential democracy?

Possible Answers:

Legislation can be passed more efficiently.

Greater political power for the average person

A fairer judicial system

Power is spread more evenly, ensuring a lower likelihood of tyranny

Fewer economic regulations and restrictions

Correct answer:

Legislation can be passed more efficiently.

Explanation:

In a parliamentary democracy, the leader of the executive branch will always be the same as the leader of the legislature. In a presidential democracy, like the the government of the United States, there are separate elections for the legislature and the executive branch. This creates a situation where the presidency and Congress may be controlled by different political parties. Because of this diffusion of power, it is harder to pass legislation in a presidential democracy, as the executive and the legislature might disagree; however, there are more checks and balances in the presidential system.

Example Question #141 : Ged Social Studies

The Constitution of the United States can only be altered by a(n) __________

Possible Answers:

amendment

provision

edict

trust 

proclamation

Correct answer:

amendment

Explanation:

In order to alter the Constitution of the United States of America, an amendment must be passed by either a two-thirds vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the state legislatures.

Example Question #1 : Us Government

The powers of the President are outlined in __________.

Possible Answers:

Article II of the Constitution

The Declaration of Independence

Article III of the Constitution

The Federalist Papers

The Tenth Amendment to the Constitution

Correct answer:

Article II of the Constitution

Explanation:

The powers of the President are collectively outlined in Article II of the United States Constitution.

Example Question #1 : Us Government

Who is responsible for appointing members to the Supreme Court?

Possible Answers:

The Senate

The House of Representatives

The Attorney General

The President

The Vice-President

Correct answer:

The President

Explanation:

Appointing Judges to the Supreme Court is a power reserved for the President of the United States.

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