GED Social Studies : Content Areas

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Civics And Government

Two Treatises of Government was written by __________.

Possible Answers:

Voltaire

Immanuel Kant

Thomas Hobbes

John Locke

Thomas Jefferson

Correct answer:

John Locke

Explanation:

The Enlightenment philosopher John Locke was deeply influential to the founding fathers of the United States of America. His writings on the social contract and the responsibility of government to its citizens, found in the second of his two treatises, were impactful to the generation of Constitution Framers who established the government of the United States.

Example Question #1 : Voting And Majority Rule

The theory that political power is divided among many disparate and varied groups is called __________.

Possible Answers:

Polytheism

Oligarchy

Autocracy

Pluralism

Monotheism

Correct answer:

Pluralism

Explanation:

"Pluralism" is the name given to the theory or belief that political power is divided and shared by several disparate groups within a democratic society. In a society where pluralism is in effect, many different social, ethnic, and ideological groups are accepted and tolerated, and power is (in theory) shared equally among them.

Example Question #31 : Content Areas

The belief that the authority and legitimacy of the government is sustained only by the will of the people is called __________.

Possible Answers:

popular sovereignty

absolute monarchy

dual federalism

cooperative federalism

constitutional judiciary

Correct answer:

popular sovereignty

Explanation:

Popular sovereignty is a concept that emerged during the Enlightenment period; it is a core concept of the American political system. It states that the only legitimate authority comes from the consent of the people.

Example Question #31 : Content Areas

The political theory that states that the freedom and rights of the individual are more important than the power of the government is called __________.

Possible Answers:

individualism

socialism

federalism

democracy

republicanism

Correct answer:

individualism

Explanation:

For much of human history and even today in many systems of government and societies, the rights and freedoms of the individual have been suppressed in order to further the goals and/or security of the state. The political theory of individualism, an important tenet of the American political system, states that the freedom of the individual is more important than the power of the government.

Example Question #111 : Ged Social Studies

The principle of civic responsibility states that __________.

Possible Answers:

the government has a duty to protect the security of the citizens

the government has an obligation to spread democracy around the world

American citizens have a duty to engage in the political process and to vote

the government has an obligation to protect the freedom of the citizens above all else

American citizens have a duty to spread democratic ideals around the world

Correct answer:

American citizens have a duty to engage in the political process and to vote

Explanation:

Civic responsibility is a core ideal in American political participation. It states that American citizens have a duty to engage with the political process, and especially that they have a responsibility to get out and vote. The idea is that our freedoms and liberties are hard-won and still quite rare in the world, and we have a responsibility to maintain them by engaging with them.

Example Question #31 : Civics And Government

The process by which individuals form their ideas about politics and their affiliations with certain ideologies and parties is known as __________.

Possible Answers:

political socialization

political normalization

political participation

government indoctrination

government assimilation

Correct answer:

political socialization

Explanation:

Political socialization is a broad term used to refer to the means by which an individual forms his or her ideas about politics and develops his or her affiliations with certain ideas and political parties. Many factors impact political socialization, including parenting, education, the media, and social life.

Example Question #13 : Political Philosophies

The idea that all men have a right to life, liberty, and property is most commonly associated with __________

Possible Answers:

Charles de Montesquieu.

John Locke.

Adam Smith.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Voltaire.

Correct answer:

John Locke.

Explanation:

John Locke was an Enlightenment-era philosopher who is most commonly associated with arguing in favor of the idea that all men have certain inalienable rights: primarily to life, liberty, and property. His ideas were extremely influential to the Constitutional Framers, particularly Thomas Jefferson.

Example Question #31 : Civics And Government

The government practice whereby a stronger nation tries to dominate or exert influence on another nation through military or economic superiority is best described as __________

Possible Answers:

colonialism.

imperialism.

isolationism.

jingoism.

appeasement.

Correct answer:

imperialism.

Explanation:

The term imperialism is used to describe any attempt by a stronger nation to dominate or exert influence a weaker nation through the use of its military or via its economic superiority. The period from the nineteenth century to the early twentieth century is often referred to as the Era of European Imperialism, because so many European states were carving out sections of influence around the world. The United States has also engaged in its fair share of imperialism, particularly economic imperialism in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

Example Question #31 : Civics And Government

Anarchism is a political theory that __________

Possible Answers:

favors the complete abolition of government.

opposes a weak and decentralized government.

favors a mostly free-market economy, loosely regulated by a central government.

argues for the elimination of boundaries between nations and the integration of the human race into one global government.

demands freedom of religion.

Correct answer:

favors the complete abolition of government.

Explanation:

Anarchism is a political theory that favors the complete abolition of government. Anarchists believe that government interferes negatively in the lives and well-being of people, and that society would function best in the complete absence of government.

Example Question #1 : Other Political Philosophies

A political philosophy that is defined by trying to resist social change or desiring a return to a previous social order is called __________

Possible Answers:

libertarian.

reactionary.

revolutionary.

liberal.

conservative.

Correct answer:

reactionary.

Explanation:

The political spectrum is usually constructed as follows: On the far left are revolutionaries, on the left are liberals, in the middle are moderates, on the right are conservatives, and on the far right are reactionaries. Reactionary political philosophy is defined by the repeated attempt to resist social change or, even further, to desire a return to a previous, and more rigid, social order.

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