European History : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Political History

The Treaty of Versailles ended which conflict?

Possible Answers:

The Napoleonic Wars

World War I

The Hundred Years' War

The Crimean War

World War II

Correct answer:

World War I

Explanation:

The Treaty of Versailles (1919) officially ended the First World War, then known simply as "The Great War." Its harsh treatment of the Central Powers, including forcing Germany to pay steep reparations and accept full responsibility for the war, contributed to the rise of radical factions (including the Nazis) in Germany in the 1920's and '30's.

Example Question #41 : Political History

The Holy Alliance was ________________.

Possible Answers:

a confederation of Catholic states in Germany formed to counteract the Protestant Union

a coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia created after the defeat of Napoleon to combat republicanism and secularism

a term for the close relationship between the Holy Roman Empire and the Vatican

another name for the counter-reformation

a pact between Philip II of Spain and Mary, Queen of Scots to overthrow Elizabeth I

Correct answer:

a coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia created after the defeat of Napoleon to combat republicanism and secularism

Explanation:

The Holy Alliance was an alliance among the monarchs of Russia, Prussia and Austria. It was formed after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 to combat democracy, secularism and revolution in Europe. 

Example Question #3 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

The _____________ was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and Western Europe primarily to provide a safeguard for the ___________ following World War II. 

Possible Answers:

Treaty of Versailles . . . Soviet Union

World Powers for Peacetime Progress . . . Soviet Union

Treaty of Versailles . . . Germany

North Atlantic Treaty Organization . . . Germany

North Atlantic Treaty Organization . . . Soviet Union

Correct answer:

North Atlantic Treaty Organization . . . Soviet Union

Explanation:

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was signed in 1949 following WWII in order to provide a safeguard against the Soviet Union and the spread of communist ideology. It was the first peacetime treaty the United States had ever signed.

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