European History : Political History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #41 : Political History

The Treaty of Versailles ended which conflict?

Possible Answers:

The Hundred Years' War

World War II

The Crimean War

World War I

The Napoleonic Wars

Correct answer:

World War I

Explanation:

The Treaty of Versailles (1919) officially ended the First World War, then known simply as "The Great War." Its harsh treatment of the Central Powers, including forcing Germany to pay steep reparations and accept full responsibility for the war, contributed to the rise of radical factions (including the Nazis) in Germany in the 1920's and '30's.

Example Question #42 : Political History

The Holy Alliance was ________________.

Possible Answers:

another name for the counter-reformation

a pact between Philip II of Spain and Mary, Queen of Scots to overthrow Elizabeth I

a term for the close relationship between the Holy Roman Empire and the Vatican

a confederation of Catholic states in Germany formed to counteract the Protestant Union

a coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia created after the defeat of Napoleon to combat republicanism and secularism

Correct answer:

a coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia created after the defeat of Napoleon to combat republicanism and secularism

Explanation:

The Holy Alliance was an alliance among the monarchs of Russia, Prussia and Austria. It was formed after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 to combat democracy, secularism and revolution in Europe. 

Example Question #43 : Political History

The _____________ was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and Western Europe primarily to provide a safeguard for the ___________ following World War II. 

Possible Answers:

Treaty of Versailles . . . Soviet Union

North Atlantic Treaty Organization . . . Soviet Union

Treaty of Versailles . . . Germany

World Powers for Peacetime Progress . . . Soviet Union

North Atlantic Treaty Organization . . . Germany

Correct answer:

North Atlantic Treaty Organization . . . Soviet Union

Explanation:

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was signed in 1949 following WWII in order to provide a safeguard against the Soviet Union and the spread of communist ideology. It was the first peacetime treaty the United States had ever signed.

Example Question #44 : Political History

What was the most significant outcome of the Battle of Waterloo?

Possible Answers:

None of these

The death of Napoleon Bonaparte

The defeat and exile of Napoleon Bonaparte

The formal surrender of Prussian forces to Napoleon Bonaparte

Correct answer:

The defeat and exile of Napoleon Bonaparte

Explanation:

The Battle of Waterloo, one of the most famous battles in history, was the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by a joint force under the command of Generals Arthur Wellesley and Gebhard von Blucher (who were British and Prussian, respectively). The campaign began when Napoleon returned from his initial exile on the Island of Elba in 1815. After Waterloo, Napoleon would again be exiled, but this time to the much more distant island of St. Helena and under much tighter security. After his second exile Napoleon Bonaparte never regained his power or status.

Example Question #45 : Political History

Between which two nations was the Seven Years War fought?

Possible Answers:

France and Prussia

Britain and Spain

Britain and Prussia

France and Britain

Correct answer:

France and Britain

Explanation:

The Seven Years’ War took place from 1756 until 1763 between the French and British Empires. It was fought all over the world, as at this time the colonial possessions of Britain and France were nearly everywhere. The war ended with British victory and in America resulted in the complete loss of French possessions in Canada and the North. This would have significant consequences, providing the motivation and circumstance for revolution. It also gave the British control of French holdings on the Indian subcontinent. The Seven Years War thus, while being a European War, had truly global consequences.

Example Question #46 : Political History

During which crusade did the Sack of Constantinople occur?

Possible Answers:

Third

Second

Fourth

Fifth

First

Correct answer:

Fourth

Explanation:

The Fourth Crusade lasted from 1202 to 1204. The crusaders entered into an agreement with Byzantine prince Alexios Angelos. The crusaders made a deal to help reinstate his father as emperor of Constantinope, and the Byzantines would offer them payment and military support.

The crusaders were successful in holding up their side of the bargain, but in 1204 the emperor was deposed and the crusaders did not receive their end of the bargain. Following this, the crusaders decided to conquer the city outright.

Example Question #47 : Political History

What was the name of the 1919 Treaty that was signed shortly after the end of World War I, forcing Germany to disarm, concede large amounts of territory, and pay extensive war reparations?

Possible Answers:

Treaty of Nantes

Treaty of Versailles

Tripartite Pact

Treaty of Paris

Potsdam Agreement

Correct answer:

Treaty of Versailles

Explanation:

The Treaty of Versailles (1919) officially marked the end of WWI between Germany and the Allied Powers.

As part of the treaty, Germany (and her allies to a lesser extent) was to take sole responsibility for causing all of the damage and destruction of the Great War. Germany was required to give up extensive land rights, disarm their military, and pay reparations totaling what would amount to US $442 billion in today's terms.

Example Question #48 : Political History

In which city were the famous trials for Nazi war criminals held after the end of World War II?

Possible Answers:

Amsterdam

Warsaw

Nuremberg

Zurich

Prague

Correct answer:

Nuremberg

Explanation:

The Nuremberg trials were a famous set of 13 trials held between 1945 and 1949 with the purpose of prosecuting Nazi war criminals. They were held in the German city of Nuremberg.

Some well-known Nazi figures that were tried in Nuremberg were Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Wilhelm Keitel, Albert Speer, and Joachim von Ribbentrop.

Example Question #49 : Political History

During World War I, the Triple Entente alliance originally consisted of ____________________.

Possible Answers:

Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy

France, Russia, and Great Britain

France, Italy, and Russia

Germany, Russia, and Great Britain

The U.S., France, and Russia

Correct answer:

France, Russia, and Great Britain

Explanation:

The Triple Entente was the alliance originally formed between France, Russia, and Great Britain to stand against the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. This complex alliance system became the political powder-keg that would explode into World War I after the assassination of the Archduke of Austria, Franz Ferdinand. The other answers are incorrect combinations of allied and enemy nations.

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