European History : Industrialization

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Industrialization

The Industrial Revolution brought all of the following advancements EXCEPT __________________.

Possible Answers:

steam-powered machines

the printing press

increased city sizes

the factory system

textile manufacturing

Correct answer:

the printing press

Explanation:

Although more efficient printing techniques were developed during the Industrial Revolution, the first printing press was invented by Johannes Gutenberg in the mid-15th century. All of the other answers are advancements that did come from the period.

Example Question #2 : Industrialization

Which of the given answer choices was NOT a short-term result of the Industrial Revolution in England?

Possible Answers:

All of these were short-term results of England's Industrial Revolution.

Growth of urban centers

Increased life expectancy

Increased production of textiles

Improved transportation methods

Correct answer:

Increased life expectancy

Explanation:

The Industrial Revolution was the rapid growth of industrial technology and manufacturing. Immediate results included improved transportation due to inventions such as the steam engine, growth of urban centers as many people moved to cities for factory jobs, and tremendous growth of manufacturing, largely in the textile industry. It did NOT immediately increase life expectancy, as factories were often hazardous to workers and cities were plagued with pollution and other unsanitary conditions that allowed diseases such as cholera to spread.

Example Question #3 : Industrialization

Who invented the printing press?

Possible Answers:

Leonardo Da Vinci

Donatello

Johannes Gutenberg

Jean Bullant

Konrad Celtis

Correct answer:

Johannes Gutenberg

Explanation:

Johannes Gutenberg, a German blacksmith, invented the printing press around 1440. He was the first European to create a method for mass printing. The method he used was based on agricultural screw presses that were common in farming. Before Gutenberg, all book making had to be done by hand. Monks or other literate people would copy books page by page, this was expensive and time consuming, which meant that books were rare and only for the wealthy. The invention of the printing press helped to spread enlightenment ideas throughout Europe much faster than would have otherwise been possible. 

Example Question #4 : Industrialization

The major energy source that supported the Industrial Revolution was __________________.

Possible Answers:

coal

wind

water

wood

petroleum

Correct answer:

coal

Explanation:

By the eighteenth century, most of Britain's wood was gone. Factories required a lot of energy, so the British began mining coal. The steam engines that became prominent during this period were fueled by coal. 

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