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"We began by working on some problem sets for math subject areas the student seemed to struggle with on the practice exam last week. I ran through multiplying/dividing fractions, order of operations, and fractions-to-decimals with her, because she had a couple wrong answers in each of these areas. With each of these problem sets, we discovered that, with no timer/pressure, she clearly understands these three concepts. She just needs to remember to check her work, remain calm, and not to rush.
In contrast, she did seem to struggle when we moved on to percents. Specifically, there were two questions on the practice test dealing with sales tax. When the percents she was required to apply/solve were easy (e.g. 25%, 75%) she had no trouble, but the 8% sales tax gave her difficulty. I showed her a shortcut to determine 10% and 1% of a number, and the multiply 1% times the sales tax in the problem (such as 1% of y, multiply by 8, get 8% of y).
We then reviewed ratios, which she has studied before, but didn't recall, or didn't understand. I used the scenario of a ratio as a sort of "recipe," (3:2 is like 3 parts flour, 2 parts sugar), and that seemed to help. We then ran through a problem set on ratios, and she seemed to understand how it worked.
We finished up with some timed verbal section analogies. The student completed the problems within the time allotted, but left 5 of the 18 problems blank because she didn't know the vocabulary. We discussed, again, that she would need to prepare and review her flash cards. I told her we would begin the next session by drilling her on the vocab as necessary."