AP World History : War and Civil Conflict 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #41 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Why did the conspirators want to assassinate Julius Caesar?

Possible Answers:

They were angered by Caesar’s losses on the battlefield and feared retribution from Rome’s enemies

They were concerned by his attempts to reinstitute the constitution of the Roman Republic

They feared he would try to worsen the standard of living and political rights of the plebeians

They were angered by their personal loss of prestige and power following Caesar’s rise to power

They feared his ambition might lead him to claim the dictatorship of Rome for himself

Correct answer:

They were angered by their personal loss of prestige and power following Caesar’s rise to power

Explanation:

Julius Caesar was assassinated by a group of conspirators in the Roman Senate in 44 BCE. Those that assassinated him were motivated by their loss of power and their fears about the nature of Roman politics in the wake of Caesar’s declaring himself dictator for life.

Example Question #42 : War And Civil Conflict

The Battle of Actium was instrumental _____________.

Possible Answers:

in the rise to power of Augustus Caesar

in the rise to power of Julius Caesar

in the formation of Ptolemaic Egypt

in the decline of the Roman Empire

in the formation of the Roman Republic

Correct answer:

in the rise to power of Augustus Caesar

Explanation:

The Battle of Actium took place in 31 BCE. It was the final confrontation of the final civil war of the Roman Republic. It began as a naval engagement between the forces of Octavian (later Augustus Caesar) and the combined forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra. It ended in victory for Octavian and cemented his rise to power. In 27 BCE he would be crowned as the first emperor of the nascent Roman Empire.

Example Question #43 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Peloponnesian War ended in __________.

Possible Answers:

victory for Ancient Greece and the declining power of Persia

victory for Persia and the complete destruction of Ancient Greece

victory for Sparta and the complete destruction of Athens

victory for Athens and the complete destruction of Sparta

victory for Ancient Greece and the complete destruction of Persia

Correct answer:

victory for Sparta and the complete destruction of Athens

Explanation:

The Peloponnesian War was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states led by Athens and an alliance of Greek city-states led by Sparta in the fifth century BCE. It ended in total victory for Sparta, the destruction of Athens, and the decline of Athenian culture.

Example Question #42 : War And Civil Conflict 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The First Triumvirate of Rome was comprised of __________.

Possible Answers:

Mark Antony, Cleopatra, and Julius Caesar

Augustus Caesar, Cicero, and Brutus.

Julius Caesar, Marcus Crassus, and Pompey the Great

Augustus Caesar, Cicero, and Caligula

Julius Caesar, Augustus Caesar, and Mark Anthony

Correct answer:

Julius Caesar, Marcus Crassus, and Pompey the Great

Explanation:

The First Triumvirate of Rome was comprised of an uneasy alliance between Julius Caesar, Marcus Crassus, and Pompey the Great. The alliance lasted until the death of Crassus when Pompey and Caesar began to compete with one another. Pompey was tasked by the Roman Senate with defending the city from Caesar after the latter’s famous crossing of the Rubicon in 49 BCE, but Pompey was defeated in battle paving the way for Caesar to declare himself dictator of Rome for life.

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