AP World History : Ethnic Identities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #39 : Social History

Which of these empires perpetrated the Armenian Genocide?

Possible Answers:

Ottoman

British

Italian

Russian

French

Correct answer:

Ottoman

Explanation:

The Armenian Genocide was perpetrated by the Ottoman Empire in the waning years of its existence. It involved the wholesale murder and forced deportation of the Armenian people living in territory in the Ottoman Empire. It took place during World War I and is responsible for the existence of a substantial Armenian diaspora living around the world.

Example Question #1 : Ethnic Identities 1900 To Present

Which of these best describes the relationship between the African National Congress and the system of apartheid in South Africa during the twentieth century?

Possible Answers:

The African National Congress abhorred apartheid and campaigned passionately for its termination

The African National Congress stayed out of the internal affairs of states and so offered no opinion on apartheid

The African National Congress offered tacit support for apartheid

The African National Congress offered vocal support for apartheid

The African National Congress stayed out of the internal affairs of states, yet occasionally criticized the mentality behind the system of apartheid

Correct answer:

The African National Congress abhorred apartheid and campaigned passionately for its termination

Explanation:

The African National Congress is not a confederation of African states, rather it is a major political party in South Africa. The African National Congress is the party of Nelson Mandela and was the first party to be elected in the multi racial democratic elections of 1994, following the end of apartheid. The African National Congress abhorred apartheid and worked tirelessly and passionately for its end.

Example Question #2 : Ethnic Identities 1900 To Present

The primary goal of apartheid was to _______________.

Possible Answers:

restrict the freedom of movement of the black population and prevent access to higher education institutions

control the black population and prevent organized resistance

control the immigrant population and prevent organized resistance

reduce educational and economic opportunities for the black population

eliminate terrorism and close the nation’s borders

Correct answer:

control the black population and prevent organized resistance

Explanation:

The primary goal of apartheid in South Africa was to control the country’s black population, prevent organized resistance, and ensure the legal superiority of the country’s white population. It was a formal policy of the ruling party of South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. It was not formally abolished until 1991 and not fully overturned until the elections of 1994, which ushered into power Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress.

Example Question #3 : Ethnic Identities 1900 To Present

How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust?

Possible Answers:

We cannot determine an estimate

Approximately six million

About ten million

Almost one million

Correct answer:

Approximately six million

Explanation:

The Holocaust occurred between 1941–45 and refers to the mass killing of minorities under the Nazi regime. This systematic slaughter impacted approximately 11 million people. 

Records estimate around 6 million Jews were killed by the Nazis and their collaborators, though this number of deaths doesn't include those who were also targeted. This includes the disabled, homosexuals, and those deemed racially inferior such as the Slavs and Roma people.

Example Question #4 : Ethnic Identities 1900 To Present

The Nuremberg Laws established __________.

Possible Answers:

the Nazi policy of Lebensraum

Hitler’s control over the German police force

the Nazi policy of genocide against the Jewish population of Europe

Hitler’s control over the German Reichstag

legal discrimination against Jewish people living in Nazi Germany

Correct answer:

legal discrimination against Jewish people living in Nazi Germany

Explanation:

The Nuremberg Laws were introduced to German society in 1935. They codified the inferior legal status of Jewish people living in Nazi Germany by making it illegal for Germans and Jews to marry and to have extramarital affairs and by declaring that Jews were not citizens of Hitler’s Reich. The Nuremberg Laws may be understood as precursor to the horrors of the Holocaust.

Example Question #5 : Ethnic Identities 1900 To Present

Who was elected in South Africa in the first free democratic election after the end of apartheid?

Possible Answers:

Jacob Zuma

Thabo Mbeki

Nelson Mandela

F.W. De Klerk

Desmond Tutu

Correct answer:

Nelson Mandela

Explanation:

The first multiracial democratic elections after the end of apartheid were held in South Africa in 1994. Nelson Mandela was elected President. The African National Congress, the party of Mandela, has ruled as the leading party in South African government ever since.

Example Question #41 : Social History

The racial policy of segregation known as apartheid was a feature of which country’s politics for much of the twentieth century?

Possible Answers:

Australia

Brazil

The United States

South Africa

India

Correct answer:

South Africa

Explanation:

The racial policy of apartheid was design to ensure legal discrimination against black people living in South Africa for much of the twentieth century.

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