AP World History : Political Protest, Reforms, and Revolution 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Which system of segregation was used in South Africa from 1948 until 1994?

Possible Answers:

Feudalism

Apartheid 

Mandelaism

Slavery

Afrikaaner

Correct answer:

Apartheid 

Explanation:

Apartheid was the system of racial segregation used in South African society and was enforced through legislation passed by the National Party (NP) from 1948 until 1994. Minority rule by whites was maintained by this system while rights movements of the majority black population were oppressed. The system was eliminated with multi-racial election in 1994, in which Nelson Mandela came to power with the African National Congress party. 

Example Question #12 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

The Arab Spring began in which country? 

Possible Answers:

Tunisia

Morocco

Egypt

Iraq

Yemen

Correct answer:

Tunisia

Explanation:

The Arab Spring originated on December 17, 2010 in Tunisia, where widespread protests led to the overthrowing of long-time dictator and President Ben-Ali. From there the revolution spread to Egypt, Yemen, and Algeria before moving across the entirety of North Africa and the Middle East. 

Example Question #13 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Each of the following was an immediate consequence of the Russian Revolution of 1917 except __________________.

Possible Answers:

Vladimir I. Lenin returned to Russia from exile with the help of the Germans

The position of Czar was abolished and the State Duma took command of the state under the name Russian Provisional Government

Socialist Revolutionary Party member Alexander Kerensky became Prime Minister of the Provisional Government

Russia made peace with Germany and exited World War I

Czar Nicholas II abdicated the Russian Throne

Correct answer:

Russia made peace with Germany and exited World War I

Explanation:

The Russian Revolution of 1917 was caused by widespread anger among among the Russian populace towards the Czarist government due to frustration with the conduct of World War I and mass famine. The Czar abdicated and a Provisional Government under Alexander Kerensky took control of the state. However, the Provisional Government refused to end the war with Germany, which dramatically weakened its popularity and helped to allow the Bolsheviks under Lenin to take control in 1918.

Example Question #14 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Whose assassination brought in the presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson?

Possible Answers:

Nixon

Harrison

Kennedy

Washington

Correct answer:

Kennedy

Explanation:

Kennedy's assassination brought in the presidency of his vice president at the time, Lyndon B. Johnson. Johnson thus held the office prior to being elected; Johnson was elected for the first time in 1964, although he served as president from 1963-8.

Example Question #15 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Which of the following best describes the goals of the Boxer Rebellion in early twentieth century China?

Possible Answers:

To take control of foreign embassies

To reach a trade agreement with the Europeans and Japanese

To start a communist revolution

To drive foreign powers out of China

To kill Christian missionaries

Correct answer:

To drive foreign powers out of China

Explanation:

In the years leading up to the Boxer Rebellion, both European and Japanese powers competed to establish spheres of influence in China, effectively taking control of much of the country's economy. The Boxers, or the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists, primarily wanted these foreign powers out. They did kill missionaries and take over embassies as well, but both of those tactics were seen as means to an end. The Boxer Rebellion should not be confused with Mao Zedong's communist takeover of China after World War II.

Example Question #16 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Mussolini rose to power in Italy with promises of __________.

Possible Answers:

restoring the state religion and territorial expansion

restoring civil liberties and economic growth

economic growth and territorial expansion

restoring the state religion and decolonization

restoring civil liberties and territorial expansion

Correct answer:

economic growth and territorial expansion

Explanation:

Mussolini came to power in Italy in 1922 as head of the Fascist Party and elected leader of the Italian government. Italy, at the time, was suffering from extreme economic hardship. Mussolini promised rapid economic growth and Italian territorial expansion. In 1925 Mussolini declared himself dictator for life.

Example Question #17 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa were instrumental in __________.

Possible Answers:

the growth of Mexican industry in the second half of the twentieth century

the growth of communism in Cuba and the emergence of Fidel Castro

the Mexican independence movement and the decline of the Spanish Empire

the Cuban independence movement and the decline of the Spanish Empire

the Mexican Revolution and the establishment of the Mexican Republic

Correct answer:

the Mexican Revolution and the establishment of the Mexican Republic

Explanation:

Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa were both instrumental in the Mexican Revolution and the subsequent establishment of the Mexican Republic. Villa led the revolutionaries in northern Mexico, whereas Zapata led peasant rebellions in southern Mexico. Together they are more responsible than any other revolutionaries for the successes of the Mexican Revolution.

Example Question #18 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Public opinion turned against the Vietnam War during the Presidency of __________.

Possible Answers:

Lyndon B. Johnson

John F. Kennedy

Richard Nixon

Dwight Eisenhower

Jimmy Carter

Correct answer:

Richard Nixon

Explanation:

Throughout much of the 1960s public opinion of the Vietnam War was fairly evenly split, but it began to turn against the war in the late 1960s and this was compounded by the election of President Nixon. Within a year of Nixon’s election less than a third of the population was in support of the Vietnam War.

Example Question #19 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Mustafa Kemal headed a nationalist movement that led to the creation of __________.

Possible Answers:

the European Union

British Mandate Palestine

the Iranian Republic

the Egyptian Republic

the Turkish Republic

Correct answer:

the Turkish Republic

Explanation:

Mustafa Kemal led the Turkish independent movement following the destruction of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War Two. He is credited with founding the Turkish Republic and he served as the first President of Turkey. His time in power is marked by a series of modernizing reforms, including universal public education and the elevation of the status of women.

Example Question #20 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1900 To Present

Hitler came to power in Germany __________.

Possible Answers:

following a violent coup to overthrow the democratic regime

following a free and unmolested election

following a bloodless coup to overthrow the democratic regime

following a bloodless coup to overthrow the autocratic regime

following a contentious election in which opposition was suppressed

Correct answer:

following a contentious election in which opposition was suppressed

Explanation:

Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933. He was appointed Chancellor of Germany by the President of the Weimar Republic. Once in power as Chancellor, Hitler and the Nazis worked to consolidate power and quickly quashed opposition. In 1934 they held a referendum in which Hitler was elected as dictator of the nation. The election was highly controversial and contentions as the Nazi Party worked to manipulate public opinion and suppress opposition.

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