AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, and Decolonization

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #81 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Osman I founded __________.

Possible Answers:

the Ottoman Empire

the Abbasid Caliphate

the Umayyad Caliphate

the Sassanid Empire

the Mamluk Sultanate

Correct answer:

the Ottoman Empire

Explanation:

Osman I founded the Ottoman Empire at the very end of the thirteenth century and, although it was only a minor emirate during his lifetime, it soon grew to control most of the Middle East and a large portion of southeastern Europe.

Example Question #82 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of these statements about the Mongols is inaccurate?

Possible Answers:

They fought on horseback.

Their territory was divided into two great empires.

They adopted a legal code based on Chinese law.

None of these statements are inaccurate.

They adopted a written language based on the language of the Turkic people of Central Asia.

Correct answer:

Their territory was divided into two great empires.

Explanation:

All of these statements are correct except that the Mongol territory was divided into two great empires. It was, in fact, divided into four great empires — the Empire of Kublai Khan, which ruled over China and the Mongol homeland; the Jagatai Empire, which ruled over Samarkand and Central Asia; the Golden Horde, which ruled over Russia and parts of Eastern Europe; and the Ilkhan Empire, which ruled over parts of the Middle East and Persia.

Example Question #83 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Please select the historic empire which conquered and governed the largest mass of continuous territory.

Possible Answers:

The Ottoman Empire 

The Roman Empire 

The Mughal Empire 

The British Empire 

The Mongol Empire 

Correct answer:

The Mongol Empire 

Explanation:

It is essentially impossible to define the world’s largest empire – the historical definition of “large” can have various meanings, from population size to geographic extent to level of political control and/or societal consolidation. However, it is possible to determine the world’s largest continuous empire (aka side-by-side, with all territories in physical proximity to each other). This honor belongs to the Mongol Empire, first created under the infamous auspices of Genghis Khan. Beginning with Genghis Khan’s assumption of leadership in 1206, the Mongol Empire continually expanded its borders through warfare, eventually stretching all the way across Eastern Europe to the Sea of Japan and southward across the Indian subcontinent and into modern-day Iran.

Example Question #981 : Ap World History

This ruler controlled the largest contiguous empire in world history.

Possible Answers:

Mao Zedong 

Kublai Khan

Genghis Khan

Julius Caesar 

Tokugawa Shogunate 

Correct answer:

Genghis Khan

Explanation:

Genghis Khan, who ruled the Mongolian Empire from 1206-1227, controlled the largest, 33 million square kilometers, contagious land area in human history. After uniting the many nomadic tribes of northern Asia, he began expansion westward — eventually making it to the European plateau. Widely considered genocidal, he also brought the silk road under one commander and widespread cross-cultural communication across the Asian continent. 

Example Question #982 : Ap World History

This ancient ruler was the first to unite many of the nomadic tribes after the fall of Rome in Western Europe, and laid the groundwork for modern-day France and Germany. 

Possible Answers:

Charlemagne

Julius Caesar 

Louis the Pious 

King Henry VIII

Pope Innocent V

Correct answer:

Charlemagne

Explanation:

Charlemagne, with the approval and blessing of the Pope, united the majority of Western Europe under a single empire called the Carolingian Empire. After the fall of Rome he was the first ruler to accomplish this task and the lands and boundaries he established laid the groundwork for the modern states of France and Germany. 

Example Question #86 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

After the fall of the Tang dynasty __________.

Possible Answers:

China fragmented into several states, the most powerful of which was the Yuan

China was reunified under the Ming

China was reunified under the Song

China was reunified under the Yuan

China fragmented into several states, the most powerful of which was the Song

Correct answer:

China fragmented into several states, the most powerful of which was the Song

Explanation:

After the fall of the Tang dynasty in the early tenth century, China fragmented into several smaller states. The largest of these states was the Song, which ruled over a stretch of China from the Yellow river in the north to the Vietnamese border in the south.

Example Question #87 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The Jagatai Khanate ruled __________.

Possible Answers:

Eastern Europe

Central Asia

the Middle East

the Indian subcontinent

East Asia

Correct answer:

Central Asia

Explanation:

The Jagatai Khanate was one of the four divisions of the Mongol Empire (along with the Ilkhan Empire, the Golden Horde, and the empire of Kublai Khan in China). The Jagatai ruled over a massive swathe of land in Central Asia, including the vital Silk Road trading city of Samarkand.

Example Question #88 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of these great empires was not destroyed by the Mongols?

Possible Answers:

Song China

the Kievan Rus

These were all destroyed by the Mongols.

the Abbasid Caliphate

the Khwarazmian Empire

Correct answer:

These were all destroyed by the Mongols.

Explanation:

All of these empires were completely destroyed by the Mongols in the thirteenth century. The Mongols infamously sacked the city of Baghdad, leading to the destruction of the Abbasid Caliphate and the subsequent degradation of this part of the world for centuries. They conquered Song China and established the Yuan dynasty. They dismantled the Khwarazmian Empire and established the Il-Khanate. They also destroyed the Kievan Rus and founded the so-called Golden Horde which ruled Mongol territory in modern-day Russia and Eastern Europe. These are just a few of the empires destroyed by the Mongols.

Example Question #1 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1450 To 1750

Which European conquered the Incan Empire?

Possible Answers:

Juan Vasquez de Coronado

Hernan Cortes

Christopher Columbus

 Juan Ponce De Leon

Francisco Pizarro

Correct answer:

Francisco Pizarro

Explanation:

Francisco Pizarro conquered and colonized the nation now known as Peru (homeland of the Incan people). Cortez conquered the Aztecs of Mexico, and Ponce de Leon and Coronado are associated primarily with the Caribbean. While similar, Columbus was not a true conquistador and allegedly never saw the Incas.

Example Question #2 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1450 To 1750

“The Sun never set” on which Empire at its peak?

Possible Answers:

Aztec

Mughal 

French

Ottoman

British

Correct answer:

British

Explanation:

The Sun Never Sets on the British Empire. This phrase refers to the peak of the empire when the colonies were so vast that it was said that no matter the time of day, somewhere in the world the sun was shining on a British colony. 

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