AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, and Decolonization

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #968 : Ap World History

Clovis and Charlemagne were important rulers in the __________.

Possible Answers:

Spanish Empire

Roman Empire

Frankish Empire

Kingdom of Naples

Duchy of Normandy

Correct answer:

Frankish Empire

Explanation:

Clovis and Charlemagne were important rulers in the Frankish Empire. Clovis I founded the Frankish Empire in 496 CE and Charlemagne the Great extended the territory of the Frankish Empire and formed what is known as the Carolingian Empire in the ninth century.

Example Question #71 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The Mongol siege and sack of the Baghdad, leading to the fall of the Abbasid Caliphate, occurred in what year?

Possible Answers:

1258 CE

1453 CE

476 CE

1066 CE

1415 CE

Correct answer:

1258 CE

Explanation:

The grandson of Genghis Khan, Hulagu Khan, seized and conquered the jewel of Islam in February 1258. The civilian population of Baghdad suffered terribly. The city was looted and raised including the epicenter of Islamic intellect- the grand library of Baghdad. This effectively ended the Islamic Golden Age, causing the recentering of Muslim culture to the Mamluk capitol of Cairo. 

Example Question #251 : Political History

The Mongol warlord Timur ruled over __________.

Possible Answers:

the Ilkhan Empire

the Jagatai Khanate

Champa

the Golden Horde

the Delhi Sultanate

Correct answer:

the Jagatai Khanate

Explanation:

The Mongol warlord Timur reigned over the Jagatai Khanate from 1370 to 1405. During this time he led a series of military conquests against Persia, Russia, the Middle East, Central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent. Notably he sacked the city of Delhi and led to the weakening of the Delhi Sultanate. Timur could probably be considered to be the last of the great Mongol warlords.

Example Question #252 : Political History

Which of these statements about the Inca is inaccurate?

Possible Answers:

Their society was extremely stratified and hierarchical.

They constructed an elaborate road network stretching thousands of miles.

They practiced terrace farming.

None of these statements are inaccurate.

They developed the only pre-Columbian system of writing in South America.

Correct answer:

They developed the only pre-Columbian system of writing in South America.

Explanation:

The Inca ruled over a vast swathe of land on the Pacific coast of South America before the arrival of the Spanish in the sixteenth century. The Inca practiced terrace farming and constructed an elaborate road network stretching for thousands of miles along the coast and through the Andean foothills. They are also well-known for their extremely stratified and hierarchical society. However, they did not possess a system of writing. Instead they employed the knot-tying system known as quipu.

Example Question #253 : Political History

Which of these statements about the downfall of the Mayan civilization is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

The downfall of the Mayan civilization occurred after the arrival of the Spanish

The downfall of the Mayan civilization was caused by widespread drought and famine

The exact cause of the downfall of the Mayan civilization is not known

The downfall of the Mayan civilization was precipitated by a series of ineffective rulers and a prolonged period of economic stagnation

The downfall of the Mayan civilization was caused by an invasion of tribes from North America

Correct answer:

The exact cause of the downfall of the Mayan civilization is not known

Explanation:

The Mayan civilization emerged in Mesoamerica during the classical period of American history. They are renowned for their art and architecture and their mastery, for the time period, of astronomy and the motion of celestial objects. The decline of the Mayan civilization began in the ninth century C.E., but it is not known what exactly caused the downfall. The Mayan people continued to live in small communities until eventually eradicated or assimilated during the Spanish conquest of Latin America.

Example Question #254 : Political History

Which of these Chinese dynasties ruled over the largest stretch of land?

Possible Answers:

Sui

Qin

Tang

Han

Song

Correct answer:

Tang

Explanation:

The Tang dynasty, which ruled from 618 - 906 CE, was the most powerful Chinese dynasty of the classical period. The Tang ruled over the largest stretch of the land of all these dynasties; including parts of Central Asia, Tibet, Manchuria, and southeast Asia.

Example Question #255 : Political History

Kublai Khan ruled over all of the following except __________.

Possible Answers:

Samarkand

Korea

parts of southeast Asia

the Mongol homeland

China

Correct answer:

Samarkand

Explanation:

After the division of the Mongol Empire, Kublai Khan ruled over the largest stretch of territory. He controlled Karakorum and the Mongol homeland, the entirety of China and Korea, parts of southeast Asia, Tibet, and parts of Central Asia.

Example Question #256 : Political History

The Mamluk Sultanate was founded in __________.

Possible Answers:

Spain

Iran

Egypt

Arabia

Morocco

Correct answer:

Egypt

Explanation:

The Mamluk Sultanate was founded in Egypt in the thirteenth century. It began with the overthrow of the Abbasid Caliphate. The Mamluks ruled over most of Egypt and the Levant for a few centuries before being conquered by the growing Ottoman Empire in the sixteenth century.

Example Question #257 : Political History

An invasion of northern India by __________ in the fourteenth century contributed to the decline of the Delhi Sultanate.

Possible Answers:

Atilla the Hun

Mahmud of Ghazni

Kublai Khan

Timur

Genghis Khan

Correct answer:

Timur

Explanation:

In 1398, the Central Asian Mongol-Turkic warlord Timur invaded the Delhi Sultanate and sacked the city of Delhi. This contributed greatly to the weakening of the Delhi Sultanate, which would never again rule with the same authority. The Sultanate would come to an end in the early sixteenth century when it was conquered by the Mughals.

Example Question #258 : Political History

Which of these statements about the Toltecs is inaccurate?

Possible Answers:

They were contemporaries of the Aztecs.

They were not contemporaries of the Olmecs.

They were a peaceful trading society.

They emerged in modern-day Mexico.

They thrived in pre-Columbian America.

Correct answer:

They were a peaceful trading society.

Explanation:

The Toltec civilization emerged in pre-Columbian Mexico in the 800s CE. They were a warrior society and grew wealthy and powerful on the back of military conquest. They were not contemporaries of the Olmecs (who preceded them by more than a thousand years), but they were contemporaries of the Aztecs.

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