AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, and Decolonization

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #211 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The “Great Partition” is usually used to describe the division of __________.

Possible Answers:

East and West Germany

India and Pakistan

Slovakia and the Czech Republic

North and South Korea

Serbia and Montenegro

Correct answer:

India and Pakistan

Explanation:

The Great Partition took place immediately following Indian independence in 1947. The Indian subcontinent that was ruled by the British included a large population of Hindus and a large population of Muslims; populations that, historically, had not always gotten along. During the process of independence it was decided that a majority Hindu nation (India) and a majority Muslim nation (Pakistan) would be formed from the British-ruled Indian subcontinent. 

Example Question #212 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

The United States supported Panamanian independence from which country in the early twentieth century?

Possible Answers:

Venezuela

Colombia

Mexico

Portugal

Spain

Correct answer:

Colombia

Explanation:

The United States provided financial and military support to Panamanian rebels seeking independence from Colombia. Panamanian separation from Colombia was achieved in 1903. The primary purpose for American support for the rebellion was so that the United States could construct a canal through the country to connect the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Example Question #211 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which two European empires, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, were most threatened by the emergence of nationalism?

Possible Answers:

Austria-Hungary and Ottoman

Russia and France

Italy and France

Britain and France

Britain and Ottoman

Correct answer:

Austria-Hungary and Ottoman

Explanation:

Of all these empires the Ottomans and Austro-Hungarians were most threatened by the emergence of nationalism in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Whilst all of these nations controlled empires which included foreign people, the empires of Austria-Hungary and the Ottomans contained empires in Europe and the Middle East where nationalism was more prominent.

Example Question #212 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of the following countries was the first to gain political independence from European colonialism?

Possible Answers:

Zimbabwe

Kenya

Ghana

Uganda

Rwanda

Correct answer:

Ghana

Explanation:

Ghana (referred to as Gold Coast at the time) gained independence from Britain in 1957. Meanwhile, the other countries all gained independence after 1960: Uganda (1962), Rwanda (1962), Kenya (1963), and Zimbabwe (1980).

Example Question #21 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

Which African country was not colonized?

Possible Answers:

Somalia

Senegal

Ethiopia

Madagascar

Mali

Correct answer:

Ethiopia

Explanation:

While it was briefly occupied by Italy in the 1930's, Ethiopia was not colonized by any European power and successfully maintained its independence in the modern era.

Example Question #216 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Equatorial Guinea was a colony of which European country?

Possible Answers:

Spain

France

Italy

Britain

Germany

Correct answer:

Spain

Explanation:

Equatorial Guinea was a colony of Spain. It was Spain's only colony on the African continent.

Example Question #213 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which organization was established in 1963 to safeguard the sovereignty and territorial integrity of independent African states?

Possible Answers:

African Unification Front

African Democratic Rally

Pan-African Parliament

Organization of African Unity

African Union

Correct answer:

Organization of African Unity

Explanation:

In 1963 the Organisation of African Unity was created to protect African sovereignty. It was succeeded in 2002 by the African Union.

Example Question #218 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of these nations were created following the breakup of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the end of World War I?

I. Poland

II. Yugoslavia

III. Serbia

IV. Denmark

V. Belgium

 

Possible Answers:

III and V

IV and V

II, III, IV, and V

I and III

I and II

Correct answer:

I and II

Explanation:

The Austro-Hungarian Empire was part of the Central Powers (which included Germany) in the First World War. They were defeated and their empire was promptly broken up. Poland and Yugoslavia both gained their independence as a result. Modern-day Serbia remained a part of the newly-independent Yugoslavia.

Example Question #219 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Why was it important to build the Panama Canal?

Possible Answers:

To assert control over Central America

To honor the U.S. obligations from a treaty with the French

To give meaning to the promises of its dollar diplomacy

To avoid the treacherous sea route around the tip of South America

To mitigate the threat of invasion from the South

Correct answer:

To avoid the treacherous sea route around the tip of South America

Explanation:

Talk of a canal across the Panamanian isthmus dates back to 1500s, when the Spanish wanted to find a quicker route from Spain to its holdings on the western side of South America. The trip around the southern tip of South America was extremely long and treacherous. Transit across the canal proved important not just for trade but to provide a link between the Atlantic and Pacific naval fleets.

Example Question #214 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, And Decolonization

Which of the following was generally true of direct colonial rule?

Possible Answers:

Stressed non-interference

 Ruled mainly through relationships with local chiefs 

Was favored by Britain for rule in its colonies.

None of these

 Sought to weaken indigenous systems

Correct answer:

 Sought to weaken indigenous systems

Explanation:

The correct answer is that direct colonial rule sought to weaken indigenous systems. Direct rule imposed a centralized colonial administration rather than relying on relationships with local intermediaries like tribal chiefs. Direct rule was also mostly favored by the French, while the British favored indirect rule in most of its colonies.   

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