AP World History : Philosophies and Ideologies 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #21 : Philosophies And Ideologies 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which of the following philosophers wrote The Republic, a work known for its discourse on the ideal structure of a society and its government?

Possible Answers:

Plato

Archimedes

Aristotle

Epicurus

Socrates

Correct answer:

Plato

Explanation:

Plato wrote the work - where he famously advocated for the concept of the philosopher-king - so he would be the correct choice. Socrates, Plato's teacher, was a very influential thinker but he did not write any works himself and spent most of his time in dialectics. Aristotle is most famous for his interest in value ethics and the natural world, so he too would not be a good choice. Archimedes and Epicurus - also Greek thinkers - are best know for their contributions to mathematics and the problem of evil, respectively, so they too would not be good choices. 

Example Question #172 : Cultural History

The Chinese teacher and philosopher Confucius lived during __________.

Possible Answers:

the Warring States Period

the Boxer Rebellion

the Xia Dynasty

the Opium Wars

the Han Dynasty

Correct answer:

the Warring States Period

Explanation:

Confucius lived during the Warring States Period of Chinese history (475 - 221 BCE), and also during the period of Chinese history known as The Hundred Schools of Thought. He developed a cohesive philosophy/religion known as Confucianism, which has been widely influential in Chinese society ever since.

Example Question #22 : Philosophies And Ideologies 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Zeno and Cleanthes were influential writers and thinkers in __________.

Possible Answers:

Cynicism

Pluralism

Stoicism

Epicureanism

Platonism

Correct answer:

Stoicism

Explanation:

Zeno and Cleanthes were ancient Greek philosophers who were both instrumental in the formation and development of Stoicism. Zeno is often credited as the founder of Stoicism, he lived in Athens in the fourth and third centuries BCE. Cleanthes was the head of the Athenian school of Stoicism in the third century BCE.

Example Question #23 : Philosophies And Ideologies 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which traditional Chinese philosophical tradition stresses family loyalty, ancestor worship, and a strong respect for your elders?

Possible Answers:

Confucianism 

Moral Philosophy 

Zen Buddhism 

Animism 

Shintoism 

Correct answer:

Confucianism 

Explanation:

Confucianism, which is a philosophical tradition based on the teaching of Confucius, was and still is an important part of Chinese philosophy and Chinese culture. The most famous aspect of his teachings is the golden rule: "treat others as you want to be treated."

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