AP World History : Philosophies and Ideologies 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #31 : Philosophies And Ideologies 1750 To 1900

Which of these "-isms" is most associated with the unification of Italy and Germany in the second-half of the nineteenth century?

Possible Answers:

Conservatism

Liberalism

Nationalism

Socialism

Authoritarianism

Correct answer:

Nationalism

Explanation:

The unifications of Germany and Italy (both completed in 1871) were inspired by the emergence of nationalism in the nineteenth century. Both countries had long been divided into small states and principalities, yet the people living there retained a shared language and a common heritage. It is generally accepted that the most important characteristic for the formation of a national identity is shared language and a common history.

Example Question #32 : Philosophies And Ideologies 1750 To 1900

Catherine the Great and Frederick the Great are both examples of __________.

Possible Answers:

Russian monarchs

Prussian rulers

constitutional monarchs

the declining influence of the European monarchy

enlightened despots

Correct answer:

enlightened despots

Explanation:

Catherine the Great and Frederick the Great are both examples of enlightened despots. Enlightened absolutism emerged during the enlightenment period as many European monarchs sought to marry the principles of the enlightenment with the realities of their autocratic regimes.

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