AP World History : Migration, Settlement, and Demography 600 CE to 1450

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #61 : Demographic And Environmental History

Which of these statements about population growth in the Medieval era is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

Global population declined dramatically as a result of a series of devastating epidemics during the Medieval era.

Global population remained stagnant throughout most of the Medieval era.

Global population grew substantially during the Medieval era.

Global population declined slightly as a result of climate change during the Medieval era.

Global population declined slightly as a result of widespread warfare during the Medieval era.

Correct answer:

Global population grew substantially during the Medieval era.

Explanation:

During the Medieval era, the global population grew substantially. This occurred in spite of the massive destruction caused by the spread of the Black Death and the genocidal conquests of the Mongol Empire. As a general rule, the global population has almost always been growing since the introduction of agriculture during the Neolithic Revolution. 

Example Question #62 : Demographic And Environmental History

This present-day African country is home to a significant number of Coptic Christians.

Possible Answers:

Ghana

Cameroon

Morocco

Egypt

Algeria

Correct answer:

Egypt

Explanation:

Coptic Christians, usually called Copts, have lived in significant numbers in Egypt for over a thousand years. Egypt was a Christian state until the Islamic conquest, and the Copts are the surviving remnants of this fact. In modern Egypt, they represent a significant minority population, not to mention the largest Christian denomination in the country. They are also found in large numbers in Sudan and, in smaller numbers, in Libya.

Example Question #63 : Demographic And Environmental History

The Chimu culture flourished in modern-day __________.

Possible Answers:

Mexico

New Zealand

Peru

Australia

Canada

Correct answer:

Peru

Explanation:

The Chimu culture flourished on the Pacific coast of modern-day Peru from about 800 CE until the mid-fifteenth century.

Example Question #64 : Demographic And Environmental History

After the decline of the Mississippian civilization, __________.

Possible Answers:

the Native American population was coerced into a system of forced labor by the French

the Native American population was forcibly moved west by the nascent American government

the Native American population was massacred by the nascent American government

most of the Native American population reorganized into hunter-gatherer groups

the Native American population was coerced into a system of forced labor by the Spanish

Correct answer:

most of the Native American population reorganized into hunter-gatherer groups

Explanation:

The decline of the Mississippian civilization took place in the thirteenth century, long before the arrival of Europeans in the Americas. After their decline, the Native American people who were living in this region, reorganized into hunter-gatherer groups, which would persevere until long after the arrival of Europeans.

Example Question #65 : Demographic And Environmental History

The Inca city of Tiwanaku was built __________.

Possible Answers:

in the Andean mountains of modern-day Chile

in the Andean foothills of modern-day Peru

on the shores of Lake Atitlan in modern-day Guatemala

on the shores of Lake Titicaca in modern-day Bolivia

in the Andean mountains of modern-day Peru

Correct answer:

on the shores of Lake Titicaca in modern-day Bolivia

Explanation:

The Inca city of Tiwanaku was built on the shores of Lake Titicaca in modern-day Bolivia. Lake Titicaca is an important archaeological site, for it is here that many of the earliest South American civilizations arose.

Example Question #66 : Demographic And Environmental History

Approximately what percentage of Europe’s population died as a result of the Bubonic plague in the fourteenth century?

Possible Answers:

twenty-five percent

fifteen percent

seventy-five percent

thirty-three percent

five percent

Correct answer:

thirty-three percent

Explanation:

The Bubonic plague of the fourteenth century, also called the Black Death, led to the deaths of approximately thirty-three percent of the population of Europe. As you might expect this led to a myriad of social, political, religious, and economic issues. One of the more surprising consequences of the plague was the rising power of workers in European society. The plague led to a shortage of labor in Europe, particularly in Western Europe, which allowed those who survived to demand higher wages and improved working conditions.

Example Question #651 : Ap World History

The Angles, Saxons, and Jutes were all __________.

Possible Answers:

Slavic people who migrated into Western Europe

Germanic tribes who settled in the British Isles

Slavic people who sacked the city of Constantinople

Germanic tribes who sacked the city of Rome

Slavic people who founded the Kievan Rus

Correct answer:

Germanic tribes who settled in the British Isles

Explanation:

The Angles, Saxons, and Jutes were all Germanic tribes who, during the fifth, sixth, and seventh centuries, came to settle in the British Isles. This is why the English people are sometimes referred to as Anglo-Saxons (the poor Jutes seem to have been rudely dismissed). The Vikings also settled, violently, in England during this time period, and were soon joined by the conquering Normans from France.

Example Question #652 : Ap World History

These people were renowned for their mastery of camels and their fanatical devotion to Islam.

Possible Answers:

Janissaries

Malinese

Berbers

Slavs

Saxons

Correct answer:

Berbers

Explanation:

The Berbers were a nomadic camel herding people who lived in northwest Africa during the Medieval period (and indeed still live there in large numbers today). The Berbers were renowned for their mastery of camels — they are thought to be the first people to domesticate camels. They were also renowned for their fanatical devotion to Islam and the violent means by which they spread Islam throughout West Africa.

Example Question #653 : Ap World History

Where did Swahili city-states emerge and flourish?

Possible Answers:

East Africa

North Africa

West Africa

the Indian subcontinent

the Middle East

Correct answer:

East Africa

Explanation:

Swahili city-states first emerged on the East African coast in the tenth century, and reached the height of their power between the eleventh and fifteenth centuries. The Swahili city-states were ethnically diverse (comprised of Africans and migrants from the Middle East and India) and traded extensively along the Indian Ocean trade network.

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