AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1123 : Ap World History

All of the following are causes of decolonization in Africa, except _________________.

Possible Answers:

African independence movements grew stronger after World War II

the cost of maintaining colonial territories increased for European countries

social unrest in domestic politics of European countries

None of these answers

world opinion shifted away from a pro-colonialist stance

Correct answer:

None of these answers

Explanation:

The correct answer is "none of these answers." The combination of changing political and economic conditions in European colonial powers, the increasing social and political resistance to colonialism in Africa, and a growing ideological distaste for colonial projects in the aftermath of World War II led to a wave of decolonization by the late 1950s and 1960s.

Example Question #1124 : Ap World History

Which African Nations remained independent from European rule?

Possible Answers:

Ghana, Chad, Congo, and Liberia

Ethiopia and Liberia

By 1914 all African nations were colonized.

Ghana, Chad, Ethiopia, Mali, and Mauritania 

Correct answer:

Ethiopia and Liberia

Explanation:

Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent despite European attempts to take control over them. This was in large part to the difficult terrain of the Ethiopian highlands, and the American protection of Liberia.

Example Question #1125 : Ap World History

What, if any, change did the British bring to Africa in terms of culture?

Possible Answers:

mandated English as primary language

imposed entire British culture

none

forced urbanization

Correct answer:

imposed entire British culture

Explanation:

Britain forced people in their colonies to adapt to British Culture in every way. They were told to live like British, talk like British, eat like British, dress like British, etc. The Europeans in general felt that their way was superior to the way of the Africans, and therefore the Africans should act like Europeans.

Example Question #1126 : Ap World History

The election of __________ led to increased support for independence and home rule among the British population.

Possible Answers:

the Labor Party

the Conservative Party

the U.K. Independence Party

the Christian Union Party

the Liberal Democrat Party

Correct answer:

the Labor Party

Explanation:

The Labor Party of the United Kingdom rose to prominence in the 1910s and 1920s and has served ever since as the main opposition to the Conservative Party in British politics. The Labor Party formed its first majority government under Clement Attlee in 1946, in the immediate aftermath of World War Two. The Labor Party advanced issues like social welfare and support for the independence of overseas colonies, as well as home rule among the British population.

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