AP World History : Cultural History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #22 : Religions 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Prior to conversion to Islam, most Persians (present-day Iran) were followers of which religion?

Possible Answers:

Judaism

Yarsadism

Buddhism

Zoroastrianism

Hinduism

Correct answer:

Zoroastrianism

Explanation:

Prior to the Muslim conquest of Persia, the primary religion in the area was Zoroastrianism.

Example Question #41 : Ap World History

Who was the first Roman Emperor to convert to Christianity?

Possible Answers:

Hadrian

Diocletian

Marcus Aurelius

Nero

Constantine I

Correct answer:

Constantine I

Explanation:

Constantine the Great became the first Christian Emperor being baptized in 337AD. After leading a series of successful military campaigns to reclaim Roman frontier land lost in the previous century, Constantine rose to the rank of emperor. After a series of gold coin reforms to curb inflation, he allowed the Edict of Milan in 313, which claimed tolerance of Christianity throughout the empire. He oversaw First Council of Nicaea in 325 and moved the capital to Constantinople in Byzantium. He was baptized on his deathbed, as was tradition in the day for practicing Christians.

Example Question #24 : Religions 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The strong resemblance between the Greco-Roman pantheon of Gods and the Vedic pantheon demonstrates __________.

Possible Answers:

the impact of Mughal conquerors on the development of Indian religion

how widespread religious sharing could be

the importance of the Silk Road for cross-cultural interaction and diffusion

the close relationship between European and Chinese culture

the impact of British conquerors on the development of Indian religion

Correct answer:

how widespread religious sharing could be

Explanation:

The strong resemblance between the Greco-Roman pantheon of Gods and the Vedic pantheon demonstrates how widespread religious sharing could be during the ancient and classical eras. Many religious stories and traditions were shared over thousands of miles and became part of the foundational myths of extremely diverse societies.

Example Question #22 : Religions 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Household shrines to ancestors were an important component of __________ worship.

Possible Answers:

Sufi 

Roman

Persian 

Greek 

Mongol

Correct answer:

Roman

Explanation:

Household shrines to ancestors were an important component of Roman worship. Romans, particularly during the period of time known as the Roman Republic, practiced ancestor veneration. They built household shrines to ancestral spirits, so that those spirits could be soothed and revered and so that they would not turn malevolent.

Example Question #26 : Religions 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Mahayana is most commonly practiced in __________.

Possible Answers:

Latin America

the west coast of the United States

Central Asia

East Asia

South Asia

Correct answer:

East Asia

Explanation:

Mahayana is the one of the two major denominations of Buddhism - along with Theravada. Mahayana emerged in China, Korea, and Japan as a result of religious syncretism following the spread of Buddhist teachings into this part of the world.

Example Question #42 : Ap World History

Confucianism and Daoism were most likely to be found in which second-wave Eurasian civilization?

Possible Answers:

China

Greece

India

Persia

Correct answer:

China

Explanation:

Confucianism and Daoism both originated in China, and would therefore most likely be found there. Hinduism and Buddhism would be more likely to be found in India. Zoroastrianism, Judaism, or Christianity would more likely be found in Persia. Lastly, Greek rationalism or potentially Christianity would be more likely found in Greece.

Example Question #24 : Religions 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which of the following emperors crafted the Edict of Milan in 313 CE, famously proclaiming tolerance for Christianity?

Possible Answers:

Caligula

Constantine 

Nero

Augustus Caesar

Julius Caesar

Correct answer:

Constantine 

Explanation:

Constantine was the emperor that drafted the Edict and moved the capitol to Byzantium, and he was the first Roman emperor to have any sort of tolerant position for Christians. Julius and Augustus lived before the birth of Christ, and both Nero and Caligula lived centuries before the Edict was passed, so none of the others could have possibly drafted the Edict.

Example Question #21 : Religions 600 Bce To 600 Ce

In the Hindu faith who is Brahma?

Possible Answers:

The Savior of the world

The Destroyer of the world

The divine incarnation of wealth and good fortune

The divine incarnation of pain and suffering

The Creator of the world

Correct answer:

The Creator of the world

Explanation:

In the Hindu faith Brahma is known as the Creator or the World Soul. Brahma is one of the most popular deities in the polytheistic Hindu faith.

Example Question #30 : Religions 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Which of these best describes the difference between Theravada and Mahayana?

Possible Answers:

Mahayana is simpler and emphasizes meditation; Theravada involves more ritual practices

Theravada is simpler and emphasizes meditation; Mahayana involves more ritual practices

Mahayana is newer and emphasizes charitable works; Theravada is older and emphasizes meditation

None of these answers accurately describes the difference between Theravada and Mahayana

Theravada is newer and emphasizes charitable works; Mahayana is older and emphasizes meditation

Correct answer:

Theravada is simpler and emphasizes meditation; Mahayana involves more ritual practices

Explanation:

Theravada and Mahayana are the two major denominations of Buddhism. Theravada developed in India and southeast Asia and is simpler and more closely related to the original teachings of Buddha than Mahayana. Mahayana is primarily practiced in East Asia and involves more ritual practices and ceremonies that are unrelated to the teachings of Buddha. This difference occurred because as Buddhism spread to countries like China, Korea, and Japan it absorbed some elements of local religious customs.

Example Question #41 : Cultural History

Which of these groups were most likely to be attracted to Christianity in the Roman Empire?

Possible Answers:

Noncitizens

Women

Slaves

The urban poor

All of these groups were likely to be attracted to Christianity

Correct answer:

All of these groups were likely to be attracted to Christianity

Explanation:

One of the reasons that Christianity spread around the Roman Empire was because it was so popular among those who were powerless or disenfranchised in Roman society (which was the vast majority of the population). Christianity was rapidly embraced by non-citizens, slaves, the rural poor, the urban poor, and women.

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