AP US History : Domestic Politics 1849–1900

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Example Question #11 : Domestic Politics 1849–1900

A PROCLAMATION

Whereas, it has become necessary to call into service not only volunteers but also portions of the militia of the States by draft in order to suppress the insurrection existing in the United States, and disloyal persons are not adequately restrained by the ordinary processes of law from hindering this measure and from giving aid and comfort in various ways to the insurrection;

Now, therefore, be it ordered, first, that during the existing insurrection and as a necessary measure for suppressing the same, all Rebels and Insurgents, their aiders and abettors within the United States, and all persons discouraging volunteer enlistments, resisting militia drafts, or guilty of any disloyal practice, affording aid and comfort to Rebels against the authority of United States, shall be subject to martial law and liable to trial and punishment by Courts Martial or Military Commission:

Second. That the Writ of Habeas Corpus is suspended in respect to all persons arrested, or who are now, or hereafter during the rebellion shall be, imprisoned in any fort, camp, arsenal, military prisons, or other place of confinement by any military authority of by the sentence of any Court Martial or Military Commission.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington this twenty fourth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, and of the Independence of the United States the 87th.

Abraham Lincoln

Passage adapted from Abraham Lincoln's Presidential Proclamation #94 (1862)

Which of the following statements is not included in Lincoln's proclamation?

Possible Answers:

Any person deemed "disloyal" to the U.S. government could be arrested.

All persons arrested by a military authority, or confined in a military establishment, during the insurrection lose their Constitutional right to a speedy trial.

All males of fighting age are required to sign up for the draft.

All provisions of Lincoln's proclamation are valid only during the "insurrection."

Martial law was enacted in order to help suppress the insurrection.

Correct answer:

All males of fighting age are required to sign up for the draft.

Explanation:

Although the proclamation discusses the draft and its necessity for suppressing the insurrection, Lincoln does not request troops in this proclamation.

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