AP Psychology : Sense of Self

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Psychology

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Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Sense Of Self

Which of the following best describes Carl Rogers' conception of the ideal self?

Possible Answers:

The way we value ourselves and what we contribute to the world

The way we see ourselves according to both our physical appearance and personality traits

The ideal person we would like to be and work on cultivating as we age

An image of another person we would like to be like

Correct answer:

The ideal person we would like to be and work on cultivating as we age

Explanation:

Carl Rogers' conception of the ideal self is defined as the ideal person we'd like to be and work on cultivating as we get older. This is linked to the process of self-actualization, the process of doing concrete actions that correspond with who we would like to be—our ideal selves. Carl Rogers proposes we are "self-actualized" human beings when our ideal self and actions match up.

Example Question #111 : Social Psychology

Which of the following choices best describes Freud's equivalent term for "sense of self"?

Possible Answers:

The zodiac

The psyche

The soul

The id

Correct answer:

The psyche

Explanation:

The term “sense of self” can be used in many different ways across the theoretical spectrum. Freud would refer to it as one's psyche: the thoughts and beliefs that one has about themselves.

Example Question #12 : Sense Of Self

Which of the following choices best describs what happens when there is incongruence between one's self image and ideal self?

Possible Answers:

Cognitive dissonance arises and two beliefs come into conflict

A person may feel dissatisfied and resort to some defense mechanisms such as denial or repression in order to maintain a comfortable image of themselves

A person develops an inflated and inaccurate picture of themselves

A person resorts to drastic measures in order to maintain a congruity between their self image and ideal self

Correct answer:

A person may feel dissatisfied and resort to some defense mechanisms such as denial or repression in order to maintain a comfortable image of themselves

Explanation:

According to Carl Rogers, incongruity occurs when one's self-image and ideal self do not match up. In other words, the traits that we consider ourselves to possess may not match up with who we truly want to be. These could be traits within our control, such as intelligence, physical fitness, etc., or not, such as a health condition or our physical appearance. In order to deal with the negative feelings they experience due to incongruence, people will either use defense mechanisms (i.e. denial or repression) or tackle it in a proactive manner.

Example Question #11 : Sense Of Self

In which of the following age groups are adolescents least likely to be concerned with their self-understanding and identity?

Possible Answers:

Children

Men ages 60+

Women ages 45+

Adults

Correct answer:

Children

Explanation:

Adolescents are more concerned with their self-understanding than children. Erik Erikson described this period of development as "identity versus role confusion." Adolescence is the period during which we establish our identity; children do not yet think about such complex issues. Following adolescence, adults carry the identity established and continue to re-evaluate their standing and role with respect to their self-understanding.

Example Question #121 : Social Psychology

Which of the following best describes Bem's Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI)?

Possible Answers:

A measure of how well you fit in with peers of your gender/sex

The age by which most adolescents have engaged in sexual activity

A measure of how well you fit into your gender role by analyzing personality as masculine, feminine, androgynous, or undifferentiated

A measure of how often your sexual preferences fluctuate during adolescence 

Correct answer:

A measure of how well you fit into your gender role by analyzing personality as masculine, feminine, androgynous, or undifferentiated

Explanation:

Bem's Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) is an antiquated system to evaluate correspondence between sex and gender, with the goal of helping to diagnose gender dysphoria or gender identity disorder. The test presents 60 personality traits, with each trait appropriated as either male or female. The individual will score himself or herself on each trait and be presented with a result of masculine, feminine, androgynous, or undifferentiated. It is important to note that the BSRI is no longer considered a valid evaluation, as our understanding of gender roles and identification has evolved.

Example Question #121 : Social Psychology

Which of the following best describes what individuals may become, want to become, and are afraid of becoming?

Possible Answers:

Self-understanding 

Self-esteem 

Possible self 

Self-concept

Correct answer:

Possible self 

Explanation:

The term that best fits the definition is the "possible self." 

Example Question #121 : Social Psychology

Which of the following is best described as a common defense mechanism employed by adolescents?

Possible Answers:

Admittance of negative characteristics

Isolation from all types of people

Denial of negative characteristics

Make lots of friends in fear of being alone

Correct answer:

Denial of negative characteristics

Explanation:

Adolescents deny their negative characteristics in order to protect themselves while on their quest for self-understanding. They do not necessarily isolate themselves from all types of people, nor do all of them make many friends just because they are afraid to be alone.

Example Question #124 : Social Psychology

Self-esteem can be described as which of the following?

Possible Answers:

The evaluation of self in terms of domains like academic, athletic, physical appearance

The persona a person may present to others, while realizing that it does not represent what he or she is actually thinking and feeling

The individual's cognitive representation of self

The emotional evaluation of ones own worth or self-image

Correct answer:

The emotional evaluation of ones own worth or self-image

Explanation:

Self-esteem is defined as the emotional evaluation of ones own worth or self-image. The other answer options refer to different concepts of self-evaluation. Self-concept is the evaluation of self in terms of domains like academic, athletic, physical appearance. Self-understanding is the individual's cognitive representation of self. False self is the persona a person may present to others, while realizing that it does not represent what he or she is actually thinking and feeling.

Example Question #125 : Social Psychology

Adolescents are most likely to show their false selves with which of the following people?

Possible Answers:

Romantic interests

Parents

School administrators

Close friends

Correct answer:

Romantic interests

Explanation:

A false self is a self that a person may present to others while realizing that it does not represent what he or she is actually thinking and feeling in order to impress them. It is like a front that adolescents put up. Adolescents are more likely to exhibit their false selves when around romantic interests most likely because they are trying to impress them. They are likely to exhibit their true selves around close friends, and usually parents.

Example Question #122 : Social Psychology

The conglomeration of perceptions of “I” and “me” combined with the beliefs one associates with them are referred to as which of the following answer choices?

Possible Answers:

Social-concept

Self-concept

Ideal self

Real self

Correct answer:

Self-concept

Explanation:

We develop a concept of ourselves through a process of considering how others perceive us and responding to how we view ourselves. This concept can change over time, but is titled a self-concept. Although there is a social component involved in that we rely on others, in part, to show us who we are, it is not termed a social-concept. Further, it is not necessarily ideal or real. As such, self-concept is the correct response.

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