AP Psychology : Other Emotion Concepts

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Psychology

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Example Questions

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Example Question #88 : Motivation And Emotion

With regards to psychoanalysis, what does catharsis mean?

Possible Answers:

The release of strong emotions such as feelings of aggression

None of these answers is accurate

A level of balance in one's life that may lead a person to feel aimless

A state of depression which is prolonged by negative thoughts

The reach of a climax in a relationship or career

Correct answer:

The release of strong emotions such as feelings of aggression

Explanation:

Catharsis, when being used in the context of psychoanalysis, most often refers to a release of pent up, repressed, or strong emotions. These are often negative in nature, such as sadness or anger. In Western societies, it is most often aggression, due to the fact that aggression is a socially unacceptable emotion to display in public. 

Example Question #89 : Motivation And Emotion

Which of the following scenarios is an example of facial feedback hypothesis?

Possible Answers:

Thomas smiles and then he feels happier

Thomas frowns because he is sad 

Thomas smiles while he is happy

Thomas feels happy and then he smiles

Thomas smiles but then feels sadder 

Correct answer:

Thomas smiles and then he feels happier

Explanation:

The facial feedback hypothesis states that facial expressions can actually trigger the appropriate emotion, rather than just being a reflection of that emotion. Therefore, a scenario that exemplifies that concept is that Thomas smiling (expression) made him feel happier (emotion). 

Example Question #90 : Motivation And Emotion

Which of the following might happen to someone who has Capgras syndrome?

Possible Answers:

John needs everything at his desk to be at a 90 degree angle or else he fears he will crash his car on the way back home from work.

John has stereotyped movements.

John has flashbacks to the war in which he fought.

John isn't good at reading facial expressions.

John believes his wife is an imposter.

Correct answer:

John believes his wife is an imposter.

Explanation:

Capgras syndrome is when someone believes that a family member, friend, or pet is an imposter and can't be convinced otherwise. Capgras syndrome often occurs after a coma or head injury.

Difficulty reading facial expressions and repetitive, stereotyped movements are associated with autism, flashbacks with PTSD, and compulsive order with OCD. 

Example Question #91 : Motivation And Emotion

The term "affect" refers to which of the following?

Possible Answers:

The experience of an emotion

The strength of a stimulus’ effect on attention

The experience of sympathetic autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses

The degree to which an experience is positive or negative

Correct answer:

The experience of an emotion

Explanation:

“Affect” refers to the experience of having an emotion. The “degree to which an experience is positive or negative” and “the experience of sympathetic autonomic nervous system responses” are the definitions of valence and arousal, respectively. These are both components of emotion, but do not encompass the entirety of affect. Last, the “strength of a stimulus’ effect on attention” is the definition of salience.

Example Question #92 : Motivation And Emotion

Jenny speaks in the same tone of voice and shows little variation in facial expression or emotion when speaking. Jenny most likely demonstrates which of the following?

Possible Answers:

Liable affect

Consistent emotion 

Consistent mood 

Inappropriate affect

Flat affect 

Correct answer:

Flat affect 

Explanation:

Jenny's unwavering tone of voice and little variation of facial expression or emotion when speaking demonstrate the flat affect. The flat affect refers to a lack of (or diminished) emotional expression. This can be observed through robot-like speaking and lack of facial expression. On the other hand, the inappropriate affect and liable affect are the opposite of flat affect. Inappropriate affect refers to emotions are are inappropriate to the situation. Liable affect refers to rapid and inappropriate changes in mood. Jenny clearly demonstrates the flat affect.

Example Question #93 : Motivation And Emotion

Tracey gets teased by the girls at school. When she gets home, she teases her little brother. 

This scenario is an example of which defense mechanism? 

Possible Answers:

Displacement

Projection

Repression

Sublimation

Regression

Correct answer:

Displacement

Explanation:

"Displacement" is a defense mechanism in which a person directs an unwanted desire or aggression toward something more acceptable than the root of the desire. In this case, Tracey displaces her aggression onto her little brother by teasing him instead of the girls who had teased her. 

The other answers are incorrect. "Repression" is defined as pushing desires out of our consciousness, while "regression" is defined as reverting back to old habits (often from childhood) during stressful situations. "Projection" is described as projecting negative desires onto other people. For example, Tiffany is hurt when Kim does not call her back and she says, "Kim is such a mean person. She doesn't care or like anyone but herself." Projection is sometimes confused with displacement. Last, "sublimation" is defined as changing unwanted desires into something socially valued.

Example Question #94 : Motivation And Emotion

Which of the following is more indicative of a type B personality, rather than a type A personality?

Possible Answers:

Easy-going attitude

Higher risk of stress-related diseases

Sense of time urgency

Feelings of anger and hostility

Competitiveness 

Correct answer:

Easy-going attitude

Explanation:

Type A personalities are characterized by high competition, a sense of time urgency, and negative feelings including anger, stress, and hostility. Type B personalities are characterized by low competition and an overall easy-going attitude. People with type A personalities tend to become easily stressed and have more difficulty coping with stress than type B personalities. Studies on the differences between type A and B personalities have revealed that type A personalities are also at higher risk of stress-related diseases. 

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