AP Psychology : Depressive Disorders

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Psychology

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Example Questions

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Example Question #61 : Defining Abnormalities And Disorders

Which of the following psychological disorders are affective disorders?

Possible Answers:

None of these

Depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorders

Depression, schizophrenia, and obsessive compulsive disorder

Schizophrenia, sociopathy, and obsessive compulsive disorder

Narcisssistic, histrionic, and dependent disorders

Correct answer:

Depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorders


Affective disorders are defined by heightened and prolonged emotional states. In the instance of anxiety, which can manifest in many forms, one experiences a consistent state of fear that may or may not have a specific set of triggers. Depression is a prolonged state of sadness and apathy, which often involves a general lack of motivation or pleasant emotions, irritability, difficulty focusing, and, in extreme cases, suicidal thoughts. Bipolar disorder includes this kind of depressive state, yet also a manic one. During the manic state, there is a general feeling of euphoria, an "on top of the world" kind of feeling that may invite impulsive decision-making and an inflated sense of self-importance.

Psychological disorders that are not affective have to do with delusional thinking patterns, personality, attention deficits, addictions, psychosexuality, or developmental problems. While they may share commonalities and even intersect, affective disorders have distinctly to do with prolonged and extreme emotional states, which can be caused by biological or environmental factors.

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