Test: AP Human Geography

1.

How did environmental determinism affect the support or opposition to European colonialism?

It suggests that American culture is superior to European culture; providing support for the replacement of European cultural hegemony with American cultural hegemony.

It suggests that people in hot or challenging climates are less industrious and possess inferior cultural traditions; providing support for European racist colonialism.

None of these answers are correct; the idea of environmental determinism did not emerge until after the end of the era of European colonialism.

It suggests that European culture was inferior to the culture of much of the rest of the world because it was detached from nature and environmental concerns and focused on industrialization to the overall detriment of humanity.

It suggests that social traditions are largely unaffected by environmental conditions and that no society has the right to claim cultural superiority; providing opposition to European racist colonialism.

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