AP Human Geography : Organization of the World Economy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #121 : Industrialization & Economic Development

The World Bank classifies countries into economies based on Gross National Income (GNI) per capita. In 2015, the following countries were all members of which World Bank classification?

Estonia

Chile

Iceland

Slovenia

Puerto Rico

Possible Answers:

Middle Income Economies

Low Income Economies

Lower Middle Income Economies

Upper Middle Income Economies

High Income Economies

Correct answer:

High Income Economies

Explanation:

Estonia, Chile, Iceland, Slovenia, and Puerto Rico were all classified as high income economies, with a per capita GNI of  (U.S. Dollars) or more. Low Income Economies are so classified if they have a GNI of . Lower Middle Income Economies are so classified if they have a GNI of . Middle Income Economies are so classified if they have a GNU of .  Upper Middle Income Economies are so classified if they have a GNI of 

Example Question #22 : Organization Of The World Economy

Which of these industrial areas provides the world's largest supply of low-cost labor?

Possible Answers:

New England

South Korea

Brazil

China

India

Correct answer:

China

Explanation:

China provides the greatest supply of low-cost labor, followed by South Korea and India. New England is not a feasible option.

Example Question #401 : Ap Human Geography

Why is female labor more relied on for outsourced industrial production in developing countries?

Possible Answers:

Men are primarily occupied with agriculture

Women are more skilled than men

None of these

Wage rates are lower for women than for men

Women do not work in the service sector due to social taboos

Correct answer:

Wage rates are lower for women than for men

Explanation:

Industrial production can be outsourced from economically developed nations (i.e., the United States) to developing nations (i.e., India) to save costs. The cost of labor tends to be cheaper in developing nations; more specifically wages are lower/less costly for women than for men. 

Example Question #62 : Contemporary Patterns Of Industrialization & Development

Which of the following is not a least developed country (LDC)?

Possible Answers:

India

Afghanistan

Gambia

Sudan

Haiti

Correct answer:

India

Explanation:

LDCs are countries that are in an early stage of economic development. India has advanced with its recent information technology boom, so it is not an LDC. 

Example Question #402 : Ap Human Geography

Which of the following is not a more developed country (MDC)?

Possible Answers:

America

China

Afghanistan

Germany

India

Correct answer:

Afghanistan

Explanation:

MDCs are countires that are more developed economically. Afghanistan is still in its early stages of economic development.

Example Question #121 : Industrialization & Economic Development

Which of these statements describes a criticism against the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?

Possible Answers:

World leaders from other economically powerful regions claim that NAFTA excludes the rest of the global market and harms the global economy.

Environmentalists claim that NAFTA encourages pollution by allowing American factories to operate in Mexico, where environmental laws are not as enforced.

The U.S. blames NAFTA for the radical increase in tariffs seen in the past 11 years.

South American countries such as Brazil and Argentina criticize NAFTA for not extending its boundaries south and including their economic regions.

Human rights activists believe NAFTA encourages child labor by not specifying a minimum age to work.

Correct answer:

Environmentalists claim that NAFTA encourages pollution by allowing American factories to operate in Mexico, where environmental laws are not as enforced.

Explanation:

Environmental laws in Mexico are not as strict as in the U.S. and Canada, and the laws that are in place are not greatly enforced. NAFTA allows the U.S. and Canada to move their factories to Mexico without paying extra, and there they pollute the environment with less repercussions than in their own regions.

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