AP Human Geography : Industrial Revolution

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #11 : Industrial Revolution

The food processing industry was greatly impacted by the Industrial Revolution. Why did canning foods suddenly become necessary?

Possible Answers:

The mechanical "canner" made it easier to preserve foods without using salt.

Factory workers were no longer living on farms and needed a stable food supply.

Canned foods were easier to transport with the invention of the steam engine.

Canned foods were necessary to feed American soldiers in the war.

Selling canned foods was an easy way for farmers to double their income.

Correct answer:

Factory workers were no longer living on farms and needed a stable food supply.

Explanation:

The Industrial Revolution brought former farmers into the cities to work in factories. These farmers used to grow food for themselves and their families and now needed other ways to get food. Canning foods was a simple solution that made it possible for cities to have access to food.

Example Question #21 : Growth & Diffusion Of Industrialization

Industrialization in the U.S. was much quicker in the North than in the South. Which of the following is not a reason why the South had a delayed process of industrialization?

Possible Answers:

The South had lost the Civil War and was still working on rebuilding itself.

The Southern population was more reluctant to change and resisted the technological advancements of industrialization.

The South's railroads were not as extensive as the North's railroads.

Northern states had much more access to electricity than Southern states.

The South did not have the necessary infrastructure in place to develop as quickly as the North.

Correct answer:

The Southern population was more reluctant to change and resisted the technological advancements of industrialization.

Explanation:

All are true except the resistance to change. The Southern states would've welcomed technological advances if it meant that life would be easier for them, but they didn't have the necessary provisions in place to become industrialized as quickly as the North did.

Example Question #51 : Industrialization & Economic Development

Prior to the industrial revolution, wood was the primary energy source. As wood became more scarce leading up to the industrial revolution, what energy source became the primary source of energy for ovens and steam engines?

Possible Answers:

Natural gas

Petroleum

Coal

Oil

Wind

Correct answer:

Coal

Explanation:

At the start of the Industrial Revolution, demand for coal soared. People began to rely less on wood and more on coal. Coal also became easier to produce and move.

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