AP European History : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #31 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

After the final Defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, what meeting took place to decide the future of Europe?

Possible Answers:

Congress of Berlin

Congress of Vienna

Congress of Geneva

Congress of Osnabrück

Correct answer:

Congress of Vienna

Explanation:

After the Napoleonic Wars were over an Austrian politician, Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, hosted a meeting of the major powers of Europe to decide how the redraw the map of Europe so as to avoid further wars like the Napoleonic Wars, which had brought Europe to the point of exhaustion.

Example Question #32 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

What was the Primary purpose of the Congress of Vienna?

Possible Answers:

To surround France with a series of powerful nations

To weaken France to the point that it could no longer threaten the rest of Europe

To undo the changes of the French Revolution

To reinforce the rights of Monarchies

Correct answer:

To surround France with a series of powerful nations

Explanation:

The Congress of Vienna was meant to stabilize Europe by surrounding France with several powerful nations, thus discouraging them from attempting large scale military invasions like they had in the Napoleonic Wars.

Example Question #33 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

Which of the following was not part of the Edict of Nantes?

Possible Answers:

Granted religious tolerance

Allowed protestants to fortify their towns

Declared France a protestant nation

Allowed protestants to hold any professional position

Correct answer:

Declared France a protestant nation

Explanation:

The Edict of Nantes sought to end the religious wars by separating religion from public life. The reasoning behind the Edict was that if protestants and Catholics were both allowed the same universal rights regardless of religion, a secular society could be built in the aftermath of the protracted, bloody religious conflict.

Example Question #34 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

The League of Nations __________.

Possible Answers:

prevented the Russian Revolution

was created by Bismarck after the Berlin Conference

helped centralize and stabilize the Weimar Republic

came out of the peace after World War I

succeeded because of American support

Correct answer:

came out of the peace after World War I

Explanation:

The Berlin Conference and Russian Revolution both took place before the League of Nations was created. It didn't prevent the collapse of the Weimar Republic and many historians think that the lack of American support weakened the League. However, the League did emerge out of the peace following World War I.

Example Question #35 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

What was the significance of the Union of Lublin?

Possible Answers:

It merged the two Hapsburg kingdoms into one

It merged Poland and Lithuania

It brought the Ukraine into Russia

It unified Germany into one nation

Correct answer:

It merged Poland and Lithuania

Explanation:

The union of Lublin unified the two nations of Poland and Lithuania into one nation under the Jageillonian Dynasty

Example Question #36 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

What European Alliance was set up to defend against Ottoman aggression?

Possible Answers:

League of Augsburg

The Holy League

The Catholic League

The Quadruple Alliance

Correct answer:

The Holy League

Explanation:

The Holy League was set up by nearly all of the nations in Europe that neighbored the Ottoman Empire as a joint military force with the purpose of warding off attack by the Ottomans.

Example Question #37 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

What is the signifigance of the Union of Kreva (1386)?

Possible Answers:

It joined the royal families of Poland and Lithuania

A Hapsburg prince married a Bourbon princess

It reorganized the Holy Roman Empire

It joined together many small Germanic Principalities

Correct answer:

It joined the royal families of Poland and Lithuania

Explanation:

The Union of Kreva saw the marriage of the Grand Duke of Lithuania to the daughter of the recently passed Polish king. Jadwiga had no brothers so she was crowned King of Poland, set to rule until she married. Her mother then arranged a marriage with the leader of Lithuania, the Grand Duke Jogalia, thus joining the royal lines of Poland and Lithuania.

Example Question #38 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

Who was the only member of the Holy League to come to the aide of the Austrians was their capital city of Vienna was besieged by the Ottomans in 1683?

Possible Answers:

Republic of Venice

The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

the Papal States

Russia

Correct answer:

The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

Explanation:

Of the Dozen members of the Holy League, only the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth sent an army to relive the siege of Vienna. The other nations were reluctant to become involved for fear of provoking an invasion of their own nations. 

Example Question #39 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

Prussia was a major power within and electorate of which major European international organization?

Possible Answers:

The Rhineland Confederation

The North German Confederation

The German Confederation

The Holy Roman Empire

Correct answer:

The Holy Roman Empire

Explanation:

Prussia was an electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, which meant that the leader of Prussia had a vote when it came time to elect a new leader to be the Holy Roman Emperor. The Holy Roman Empire was a loose confederation of primarily Germanic speaking nations and principalities.

Example Question #40 : Treaties; Diplomacy; International Organizations

When was the Congress of Vienna held?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The Congress of Vienna was held in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars. The nations also met with the purpose of addressing several other pressing issues Europe was faced with. The meeting began in September of 1814 and went on for nine months until the issues were settled in June of 1815.

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