AP European History : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP European History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #11 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

Which of the following was not part of the Declaration of Rights enacted into law in England in 1689?

Possible Answers:

The universal right to petition or assemble

The universal right to free speech

The universal right to due process

The restriction that only Parliament could impose taxes

The restriction that only Parliament could maintain a standing army

Correct answer:

The universal right to free speech

Explanation:

The Declaration of Rights, sometimes called the English Bill of Rights, was enacted into law in 1689 following the Glorious Revolution and the accession of William and Mary to the throne. It was designed to ensure the continued supremacy of Parliament over the Crown indefinitely and to provide certain inalienable rights. All of these rights were included except for the universal right to free speech. Only members of Parliament had the absolute right to free speech; the common people were excluded.

Example Question #11 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

Thomas Hobbes believed that __________.

Possible Answers:

None of the other answers reflect the views of Thomas Hobbes on the relationship between religion and the state.

the state should be completely separate from religion

organized religion is malevolent and used to control and manipulate the people

the state should provide for religious tolerance to prevent insurrection and rebellion

the state should have one state religion to prevent disorder and revolution

Correct answer:

the state should have one state religion to prevent disorder and revolution

Explanation:

Thomas Hobbes argued that the state should allow for only one religion to be practiced uniformly throughout it. He believed this was necessary to encourage order and stability and to prevent revolution.

Example Question #12 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

Joseph II of Austria undertook all of the following reforms except for which one?

Possible Answers:

He provided freedom of the press.

He granted freedom of religion.

He abolished serfdom.

All of these answers were reforms undertaken by Joseph II.

He provided universal due process before the law.

Correct answer:

All of these answers were reforms undertaken by Joseph II.

Explanation:

All of these reforms were undertaken during the reign of the Austrian King Joseph II. Joseph was the son of Maria Theresa and was determined to continue his mother’s modernizing and enlightened reforms. As well as all of the reforms mentioned above, he also centralized the government, made German the official language of his territory, and took power away from the landed aristocracy.

Example Question #12 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

During the Moderate state of the French Revolution, the Declaration of the Rights of Man was passed by the National Assembly. It included all of the following EXCEPT __________.

Possible Answers:

due process before the law

freedom of speech

taxes imposed only by the will of the population

universal suffrage

freedom of religion

Correct answer:

universal suffrage

Explanation:

The Declaration of the Rights of Man provided many freedoms to the lower classes of French society, but it did not establish universal suffrage. Women would not be given the right to vote in France until the twentieth century, much like in the rest of Europe.

Example Question #15 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

The feminist movement was born in Europe during __________.

Possible Answers:

the Industrial Revolution

the years between World War One and World Two

the Renaissance

the Civil Rights Era

the Enlightenment

Correct answer:

the Enlightenment

Explanation:

The feminist movement emerged for the first time in Europe during the Enlightenment. Female writers like Mary Wollstonecraft did a great deal to advance the cause of female independence, and women made slow progress during the Enlightenment period. It was the first time that Europeans began to collectively consider the role and subjugation of women in European society.

Example Question #13 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

According to Thomas Hobbes, the role of the state is __________.

Possible Answers:

to protect a person’s right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness

to prevent people from killing and stealing from one another

to connect its citizens with the divine providence of God

to promote mutual economic prosperity

to provide opportunity for the growth of women and minorities

Correct answer:

to prevent people from killing and stealing from one another

Explanation:

Thomas Hobbes was an Enlightenment philosopher who is usually contrasted against John Locke. Both men wrote extensively on the state of nature, the social contract, and the role of the state, but came to very different conclusions. While Locke believed the role of the state was to preserve each individual’s right to life, liberty, and property ownership, Hobbes believed that the role of the state was to protect each individual from the aggression of other individuals. Hobbes had little faith in mankind in its natural state and believed the state existed to prevent people from killing one another and stealing from one another.

Example Question #14 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

Which of these statements about the status of women in the Renaissance is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

During the Renaissance, lower-class and peasant women suffered a decline in status.

During the Renaissance, upper- and middle-class women grew in status.

During the Renaissance, the status of women remained largely unaffected.

During the Renaissance, upper- and middle-class women suffered a decline in status.

During the Renaissance, lower-class and peasant women grew in status.

Correct answer:

During the Renaissance, upper- and middle-class women suffered a decline in status.

Explanation:

During the Renaissance, the status of upper- and middle-class women suffered dramatically. Women’s minds were considered inadequate for higher learning, and women’s bodies were considered to be owned by their father or husband. Noticeably, the standard punishment for rape across Europe changed dramatically from the Medieval period (castration or death) to the Renaissance period (a fine payable to the father or husband). The status of peasant women remained relatively stable during the transition from the Medieval period to the Renaissance period.

Example Question #15 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

Why was the impact of the Renaissance felt less keenly in Spain than elsewhere in Western Europe?

Possible Answers:

The Spanish were in the middle of a Civil War during the height of the Renaissance, and the arts suffered as a result.

None of these answers are correct; the Renaissance was just as influential in Spain as it was elsewhere in Europe.

Spain was at war with France and many of the Italian city-states.

The Spanish crown was unable to spare the expenses needed to patronize great artists.

The Spanish government enforced rigid orthodoxy, which manifested as extreme religious intolerance.

Correct answer:

The Spanish government enforced rigid orthodoxy, which manifested as extreme religious intolerance.

Explanation:

During the Renaissance period, the Spanish government enforced a strict religious orthodoxy that prevented the spread of Renaissance ideals like individualism and faith in the ability of humans. Furthermore, the Jews and the Muslims, who made up much of Spain's middle classes, were forced to leave the country, taking with them the resources and inclination that might have spread Renaissance values in Spain.

Example Question #16 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

After Cromwell and the Roundheads defeated the Scottish during the English Civil War, Cromwell was able to force __________ out of Parliament, allowing him to solidify control over the government.

Possible Answers:

the Irish

the Welsh

Anglicans

Presbyterians

Catholics

Correct answer:

Presbyterians

Explanation:

Cromwell defeated the Scottish forces during the English Civil War, which allowed him to take full control over Parliament. You might not have known the correct answer, but you should know that Scottish Calvinists were called Presbyterians, and that if Cromwell defeated the Scottish, he would be able to force the Scottish religious group out of Parliament. After he took control of Parliament, it voted to execute King Charles for treason.

Example Question #17 : Rights; Liberties; Persecution

The Civil Constitution of the Clergy __________.

Possible Answers:

abolished Catholicism as the state religion of France and provided for universal religious tolerance

prohibited the Catholic priests of revolutionary France from accepting the direction of the Pope

abolished the institutions of feudalism and manorialism

prohibited the Catholic priests of revolutionary France from marrying or being exempt from taxation

All of these answers are correct.

Correct answer:

prohibited the Catholic priests of revolutionary France from accepting the direction of the Pope

Explanation:

The Civil Constitution of the Clergy was adopted by the National Assembly in 1790, during the first state of the French Revolution. It established that all clergymen were to be elected by the population and were prohibited from owing allegiance to the authority of the Vatican.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors