AP European History : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP European History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

What is the name of the Family that ruled Russia from 1617-1917?

Possible Answers:

The House of Romanov

The House of Shuysky

The House of Godunov

The House of Rurikovich

Correct answer:

The House of Romanov

Explanation:

After what is known in Russia as "the time of troubles," the Romanov family took the throne of Russia in 1613, and their dynasty ruled until the Russian Revolution in 1917. The other family names here are of other high ranking noble families in Russia and Eastern Europe

Example Question #42 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

What was the group from the 3rd Estate that ruled France early in the French Revolution?

Possible Answers:

The Committee of Public Safety

The National Assembly

The Directory

The Consulate

Correct answer:

The National Assembly

Explanation:

The group that represented the Third Estate when the Kings of France called the Estates General was displeased with how power was being shared. Despite having twice the representatives, they did not have twice as many votes as the other estates. They therefore walked out and created their own rival organization that would take power and start the revolution, the National Assembly.

Example Question #43 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

What executive group did Robespierre run when he was the leader of France?

Possible Answers:

The Committee of Public Safety

The National Assembly

The Consulate

The Directory

Correct answer:

The Committee of Public Safety

Explanation:

Robespierre rose to power with the Jacobins as the second President of the Committee of Public Safety. He is famed for his association with the Reign of Terror, which killed thousands of people. Ironically, the Reign of Terror he unleashed ended with his own execution.

Example Question #44 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

Before declaring himself Emperor of France, what group did Napoleon form to govern France?

Possible Answers:

The Consulate

The National Assembly

The Directory

The Committee of Public Safety

Correct answer:

The Consulate

Explanation:

In the final days of the Directory Napoleon conspired with several Directory members to form a coup and form the Consulate as the new French Government. After the successful coup Napoleon was made First Council and head of state.

Example Question #45 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

What form of government has a king and parliament working together based on a document that explains their powers?

Possible Answers:

Federal Monarchy

Diarchy

Constitutional Monarchy

Direct Monarchy

Meritocracy

Correct answer:

Constitutional Monarchy

Explanation:

A Constitutional Monarchy fits this description. This is where an elected body and a monarch both hold clearly defined powers as assigned by a constitution or other document, thus sharing power.

Example Question #46 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

What is the name of the position in Britain that began as an adviser to the King and eventually became an executive itself?

Possible Answers:

Prime Minister

President Pro-tem

Member of Parliament

Speaker of the House

Correct answer:

Prime Minister

Explanation:

The Prime Minister, as a position, was made in order to be a close adviser of the King, over time the position transitioned to one in the parliament, and to being the leader of the Parliament.

Example Question #47 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

Which of the following is not a French Revolutionary government?

Possible Answers:

The National Assembly

The Directory

The Consulate

The July Monarchy

The Committee of Public Safety

Correct answer:

The July Monarchy

Explanation:

The July Monarchy occurred after the French Revolution. After the fall of Napoleon the House of Bourbon was put back on the throne of France. It was, however, very unpopular, and in 1830 a more liberal branch of the family was put on the throne after the July Revolution of 1830.

Example Question #48 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

What was the political epicenter of France during the later years of the House of Bourbon?

Possible Answers:

Orleans

Marseille

Paris

Versailles

Correct answer:

Versailles

Explanation:

Louis XIV moved the royal court, and therefore the seat of government from Paris in 1682. The royal court would stay in Versailles until the royal family was taken prisoner and forced back to Paris following the start of the French Revolution in 1789.

Example Question #49 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

What legislative body would the King of Pre-Revolutionary France call upon if he wished to raise and collect taxes?

Possible Answers:

The National Assembly

The Estates General

The Legislative Assembly

The Estates Supreme

Correct answer:

The Estates General

Explanation:

The Estates General was made up of three groups, the clergy, the nobles, and everyone else. The representatives of these groups were called to the royal court when the King wanted to collect taxes. The purpose was to give the people a voice to the king on this important issue.

Example Question #50 : Political Parties; Elites; Ideologies; Mass Politics

Which of the following groups did not have their own estate among the three estates of the Estates General?

Possible Answers:

The Nobles

The Bourgeoisie

All others

The Clergy

Correct answer:

The Bourgeoisie

Explanation:

The three estates in order were the Clergy, the Nobles, and all others. When the King of France needed to raise taxes for the nation he called the Estates General. Often the result would be that the third estate was the one that bore the brunt of the new taxes because the Nobles and Clergy would vote together, and each estate had only one vote. As such the third estate would often find itself as the odd man out.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors