AP European History : Political History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #81 : Political History

Which French Monarch is referred to as the Sun King?

Possible Answers:

Pius XVI

Louis XIV

Louis XV

Francis XIII

Correct answer:

Louis XIV

Explanation:

Louis XIV was called the Sun King because, like the galaxy revolving around the sun, France revolved around Louis.

Example Question #82 : Political History

Who was the first Czar of Russia?

Possible Answers:

Peter the Great

Ivan the Terrible

Alexander I

Catherine the Great

Correct answer:

Ivan the Terrible

Explanation:

Ivan the Terrible was the final Duke of Moscow and the first Czar of Russia. He declared himself to be the emperor of Russia when his Duchy of Moscow grew so large that it reached the size and stature of an empire, thus needing a new name.

Example Question #83 : Political History

The Russian term "Boyar" refers to what group of people?

Possible Answers:

Russian Nobles

Russian soldiers

The slaves of Russia

The peasant class

Correct answer:

Russian Nobles

Explanation:

The nobility of Russia were referred to as Boyars, which is derived from old Turkic meaning rich men. Members of the peasant class were referred to as "kulaks."

Example Question #83 : Political History

What governing body of France did Louis XIV not once call to session during his 72 year reign?

Possible Answers:

Parliament

The National Convention

The National Assembly

The Estates General

Correct answer:

The Estates General

Explanation:

The estates General functioned similarly to, but was functionally much weaker than, the English Parliament. It was their job to raise taxes, recruit soldiers, and enforce laws in the provinces. Louis appointed trusted people to do these tasks, and thus never called the Estates General to session.

Example Question #84 : Political History

Nineteenth-century Conservative ideology developed mainly as a response to ___________.

Possible Answers:

concerns over restraints being placed on personal liberties

the political, legal, and social disruptions caused by the French Revolution

the economic changes caused by the abolition of slavery

fears about cultural exchange within empires

the social changes caused by the Industrial Revolution

Correct answer:

the political, legal, and social disruptions caused by the French Revolution

Explanation:

Conservative ideology developed as a response to the political upheaval of the French Revolution. This is best demonstrated in the ideas of Edmund Burke. Liberals took the defense of individual liberties as one of the cornerstones of their ideology. The abolition of slavery took place after Conservative ideology began developing. Socialists, rather than Conservatives, responded most directly to the social changes caused by the Industrial Revolution. 

Example Question #85 : Political History

When Peter the Great rose to the throne of Russia he was actually a co-monarch. Who was the other monarch that Peter initially shared power with?

Possible Answers:

Sophie

Feodor III

Alexis I

Ivan V

Correct answer:

Ivan V

Explanation:

Ivan V was Peter's elder half brother, and therefore was also the rightful heir; however, Ivan was severely hindered by physical and mental disabilities and was unfit to rule. Therefore he and his younger brother Peter were named co-Czars so Ivan could rule in name and Peter in practice until the time of Ivan's death.

Example Question #86 : Political History

Who was elected King of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1573, becoming the first in this new form of government?

Possible Answers:

Henryk Walezy

Władysław Vasa

Stefan Batory

Sigismund Vasa

Correct answer:

Henryk Walezy

Explanation:

Henryk Walezy was the first man elected to be King of the Commonwealth. He was actually a son of the reigning King of France, and he abdicated the throne in order to become King of France in 1574.

Example Question #86 : Political History

Henryk Walezy became the first man elected to the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1573, but he was not Polish or Lithuanian. His real name was Henry Valois. What nation was he from?

Possible Answers:

France

Kingdom of Naples

Germany

Italy

Correct answer:

France

Explanation:

Henry Valois was the third son of the French king, leaving him with the opportunity to accept the throne of the Commonwealth when offered. However, both his older brothers died young, and had no heirs, thus leaving the throne of France to Henry who quickly abdicated from rule of the Commonwealth in order to return to France and become king.

Example Question #88 : Political History

What is the Polish Sejm?

Possible Answers:

It is the name for the Polish peasant class

It is the Polish Parliament

It is the Polish royal family

It is the name for the Polish nobility

Correct answer:

It is the Polish Parliament

Explanation:

The Sejm is the Polish Parliament. Historically members were elected by popular vote of landed nobility. Today it is elected by universal ballot.

Example Question #87 : Political History

When Frederick I of Prussia declared himself King, what title did he give himself?

Possible Answers:

Frederick the Great

King in Prussia

King of Prussia

the Soldier King

Correct answer:

King in Prussia

Explanation:

Frederick I declared himself King in Prussia because Prussia was still an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, and thus he had to pledge loyalty to the Holy Roman Emperor. As such he could not declare himself King of Prussia, as that would mean he claimed all sovereignty over Prussia, and that would cause conflict with the Emperor; however, the Emperor allowed Frederick to give himself the title of King in Prussia, so he could still be a king, but still pledge Prussia to the Emperor.

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