AP European History : Political History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #351 : Political History

What nations defeated Napoleons France at the Battle of Waterloo?

Possible Answers:

Austria and Britain

Russia and Austria

Austria and Prussia

Britain and Prussia

Correct answer:

Britain and Prussia

Explanation:

The British and Prussians met Napoleon in battle at Waterloo, in what is now Belgium. Napoleon attempted to drive the British and Prussian armies away from France in an attempt to knock them out of the war before the Austrian and Russian Armies could come to reinforce them. However, he was not successful in defeating the British and Prussians, and therefore the combined power of the allies was easily able to defeat him and force him into exile once again.

Example Question #352 : Political History

What nation was the Spanish Armada meant to defeat?

Possible Answers:

The Netherlands

France

Italy

England

Correct answer:

England

Explanation:

Spain set the armada in an attempt to invade England and Remove Elizabeth I  from power with the intention of forcing a Catholic onto the throne so they could return the Catholic church to England; however, this did not happen as bad weather destroyed nearly the whole fleet, and the English navy destroyed much of the rest.

Example Question #353 : Political History

The English Civil War pitted which two groups against one another?

Possible Answers:

Roundheads and Cavaliers

Royalists and Cavaliers

Parliamentarians and Roundheads

Nobles and Peasants

Correct answer:

Roundheads and Cavaliers

Explanation:

The Roundheads were the group that supported Parliaments claim to rule England while the Cavaliers supported the right of the King. These two groups fought in the English Civil War and ultimately, the Parliamentary supports won the conflict and the King was executed.

Example Question #354 : Political History

What was the key battle in William of Normandy's conquest of England?

Possible Answers:

Battle of Fulford

Battle of Cassel

Battle of Worcester

Battle of Bosworth Field

Battle of Hastings

Correct answer:

Battle of Hastings

Explanation:

The Battle of Hastings was key in Williams conquest because it allowed him to continue on his march to London where he would be crowned Christmas day in Westminister Abbey.

Example Question #355 : Political History

What was the primary cause of WWI?

Possible Answers:

The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria

the French invasion of Russia

Neville Chamberlain P.M. of England's failure to negotiate with an irate German Dictator.

Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland

the assassination of Tsar Nicholas of Russia

Correct answer:

The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria

Explanation:

Archduke Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Yugoslavian Nationalist. This event escalated existent tensions to the point that Austria declared war on Serbia with Germany backing up Austria and Russia backing Serbia. Subsequently other nations in Europe got pulled into the war based on existing alliances.

Example Question #356 : Political History

What the primary originating cause of the Hundred Years War (fought from 1337 to 1453)?

Possible Answers:

Tensions between French and English Kings over land

The Catholic church's support of France over England

Animosity between Phillip V of France and Edward III of England

an English raid on Paris

Joan of Arc's rise to prominence, and her ability to lead an army to fight the English

Correct answer:

Tensions between French and English Kings over land

Explanation:

The Hundred Years war was based primarily on tensions between England and France centering around English land claims in France.

Example Question #357 : Political History

A year of social unrest in Russia featured strikes and mutinies resulting from Russia's loss in the Russo-Japanese War was called _____________.

Possible Answers:

Revolution of 1905

World War I

None of these answers is correct.

Russian Revolution, 1917

The Decembrist Revolt

Correct answer:

Revolution of 1905

Explanation:

The Revolution of 1905 led to the introduction of the State Duma, a new constitution, and the introduction of multi-party voting.

Example Question #358 : Political History

The Franco-Prussian War of 1870 led to the German annexation of _____________.

Possible Answers:

Picardy

Saxony

Provence

Alsace-Lorraine

Baden

Correct answer:

Alsace-Lorraine

Explanation:

Alsace-Lorraine is a former region now located within modern France, bordering Germany, and administratively known as Alsace-Moselle. The majority of the province was annexed by the German Empire following the 1870 war.

Example Question #75 : War And Civil Conflict

The Soviet Union fought _____________ in the ___________  war and the ______________  war  three months after the outbreak of World War II? 

Possible Answers:

Finland . . . Winter. . . Continuation

Japan . . . Sino-Soviet Border . . . Winter 

Turkey . . . Russia-Turkish . . . Continuation

Japan . . . Pacific . . . Russo-Japanese

Georgia . . . Russo-Georgian . . . Winter

Correct answer:

Finland . . . Winter. . . Continuation

Explanation:

Russia fought Finland in the Winter War of 1939-1940 and the Continuation War of 1941-1944. The other conflicts took place in 1877-1878 (Russia-Turkish War), 1904-1905 (Russo-Japanese War), 1921 (Russo-Georgian War), and 1969 (Sino-Soviet border conflict). Though Russia and Japan would fight during World War II, Japan was southeast of the Soviet Union.

Example Question #359 : Political History

The 30 Years War involved all of the following states except _____________.

Possible Answers:

Spain

France

Denmark 

Russia

Austria

Correct answer:

Russia

Explanation:

The outbreak of the 30 Years War immediately involved Austria, and, therefore, also involved Spain because both Austria and Spain were ruled by the Habsburg family. Both states would be involved in the war until its end. Denmark entered the conflict in 1625 and France entered in 1635 after years of indirect support of the anti-Austrian forces. Russia never entered the conflict because it was experiencing a period of domestic turmoil known as the Time of Troubles and was therefore unable to generate the military and/or political power to enter the war.

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