AP European History : Political History

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Political History

Economic recession in Europe in the 1970s was primarily caused by __________.

Possible Answers:

The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

The Vietnam War

Declining prices of basic crops caused by the integration of several third world countries into the global economy

The Suez Canal Crisis

The Oil Embargo of 1973

Correct answer:

The Oil Embargo of 1973

Explanation:

In the 1970s, the various Western European countries relied on oil imports from the Middle East for the vast majority of their oil. When the Arab-Israeli War broke out in 1973, many Arab nations began to stop selling oil to European nations who supported Israel, leading to the Oil Embargo of 1973. This greatly damaged the economies of most Western European nations and plunged the continent into a recession.

Example Question #22 : Political History

Who was the first President of the Russian Federation following the collapse of the Soviet Union?

Possible Answers:

Dimitri Medvedev

Vladimir Putin

Nikita Khrushchev

Boris Yeltsin

Mikhail Gorbachev

Correct answer:

Boris Yeltsin

Explanation:

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Russian Federation was formed from the territory that had once comprised Tsarist Russia. The first President of the Russian Federation was Boris Yeltsin.

Example Question #22 : Political History

The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was formed by which of the following three countries in the wake of the demise of the Soviet Union?

Possible Answers:

Russia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan

Russia, Latvia, and Lithuania

Yugoslavia, Romania, and Hungary

Turkey, Bulgaria, and Georgia

Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus

Correct answer:

Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus

Explanation:

The Commonwealth of Independent States was formed in 1991 by Russia, the Ukraine, and Belarus. It has since grown to include countries like Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Uzbekistan. It is meant to function as more than simply a symbolic organization, but all the countries within the group are autonomous and rarely act in unison with one another.

Example Question #23 : Political History

Which of the following individuals is a Serbian leader who was prosecuted for war crimes committed during the Balkan Crisis of the 1990s?

Possible Answers:

Lech Walesa

Slobodan Milosevic

Boris Yeltsin

Nikola Tesla

Tito

Correct answer:

Slobodan Milosevic

Explanation:

Slobodan Milosevic was President of Serbia for much of the 1990s and was eventually indicted by United Nation’s International Tribunal for war crimes committed in the Kosovo War. He was charged with encouraging the forced deportation of ethnic Albanians from Kosovo and the genocidal extermination of at least tens of thousands of other Albanians living in Kosovo. He is also charged with encouraging genocide in Bosnia and Croatia.

Example Question #24 : Political History

Which of these countries experienced a bloodless revolution in transitioning from communism to capitalism in 1989?

Possible Answers:

Czechoslovakia

East Germany

Hungary

Poland

All of the other answer choices are correct.

Correct answer:

All of the other answer choices are correct.

Explanation:

All of these countries experienced a relatively peaceful transition from communism to capitalism in 1989 and the early 1990s. The only major country where the transition of power was not peaceful was Romania, where brutal fighting marked the fall of communism.

Example Question #25 : Political History

The European Court of Justice, the highest court in the European Union, is located in which country?

Possible Answers:

France

Luxembourg

Spain

Norway

Germany

Correct answer:

Luxembourg

Explanation:

The European Court of Justice is located in Luxembourg. It was established in 1952.

Example Question #26 : Political History

The gap between the nations of Europe and the Third World continues to rise, in large part, because __________.

Possible Answers:

European countries refuse to provide aid to their former colonial possessions.

of the conflict between Islamic fundamentalism and Western militaristic intervention.

the population growth of the third world is dramatically sharper than that of Europe.

capitalism prevails in few places outside of Europe, leading to European and American dominance over the free market.

of frequent European attempts to reestablish colonial dominance over countries in South America, Africa, and Asia.

Correct answer:

the population growth of the third world is dramatically sharper than that of Europe.

Explanation:

In the years since decolonization, the population of the Third World has exploded to unprecedented levels, while the population of most major European nations has grown slowly or not at all. Massive increases in population put a strain on developing economies, as children and their parents require medical and social care. 

Example Question #27 : Political History

Who is the current reigning British Monarch?

Possible Answers:

William II

Victoria II

Edward I

Elizabeth II

Charles III

Correct answer:

Elizabeth II

Explanation:

Elizabeth the II is the current reigning monarch. Though she is just a figurehead since Britain's current political system is Parliamentary, she still holds the love and adoration of all the people of the British Commonwealth, recognized as the monarch of all Britain's territories and dominions including Australia, New Zealand, England, Scotland, and Canada.

Example Question #1 : Colonialism; Imperialism; Decolonization; Globalization

The "White Man's Burden" was a phrase used to indicate the sentiment among Europeans that __________.

Possible Answers:

the hardship of life for workers in industrialized Europe was increasing

dealing with non-European cultures through colonization was difficult

"non-white" cultures were impinging upon the established societies of Europe

only Europeans were able to civilize other cultures through colonization

dealing with non-Christian religions in Africa and Asia was challenging

Correct answer:

only Europeans were able to civilize other cultures through colonization

Explanation:

The phrase "White Man's Burden" comes from a poem with that title written by Rudyard Kipling in 1899, which commented on the United States' war in the Philippines and Cuba against Spain. The poem urges "white men" to take "civilization" to non-white peoples around the globe for their benefit. This idea was then taken up by many Europeans in their colonization efforts throughout Africa and Asia.

Example Question #1 : Colonialism; Imperialism; Decolonization; Globalization

Henry the Navigator encouraged global exploration for which country?

Possible Answers:

France

The Netherlands

India

Portugal

England

Correct answer:

Portugal

Explanation:

Henry was a Portuguese prince who lived from 1394 to 1460 and who believed in the importance of exploring foreign lands. He helped to set up a school to train explorers and also was interested in exploring the coast of Africa. His efforts helped to make Portugal a powerful and rich nation due to its ability to gain resources, conquer lands, and engage in global commerce.

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