AP European History : Historical Ideologies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP European History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

1 2 4 Next →

Example Question #31 : Historical Ideologies

Mary Wollstonecraft is most well known as one of the founding philosophers of which field of thought?

Possible Answers:

Feminism

Racial Equality

Atheistic Humanism

Republicanism

Correct answer:

Feminism

Explanation:

Mary Wollstonecraft was a founding voice of Feminism in the late 1700's. Her treatise A Vindication of the Rights of Woman is her most famous work, and is an outline of the idea that women are not inferior to men, and deserve the same rights.

Example Question #32 : Historical Ideologies

John Locke posited the idea of the "Tabula Rasa." What was this idea?

Possible Answers:

A joint economic and military alliance of all the "civilized" nations and peoples of the world

A worldwide bill of rights that governed all people

The Blank Slate- All people enter the world knowing nothing and are waiting to be molded

The Red Table- A place for leaders to sit and peacefully resolve differences

Correct answer:

The Blank Slate- All people enter the world knowing nothing and are waiting to be molded

Explanation:

John Locke pushed the epistemological notion of the Tabula Rasa, meaning blank slate. He said that when humans are born they have no knowledge and are therefore ready to be taught everything about the world. Therefore, the environment we grow up in will give us a perspective of world events.

Example Question #33 : Historical Ideologies

What two institutions did Voltaire believe should not be allowed to become intertwined?

Possible Answers:

The court system and political offices

The legislative and executive branches of government

Federal and regional governments

The government and the church

Correct answer:

The government and the church

Explanation:

Voltaire believed in the separation of Church and State. This was in large part due to the carnage that he had seen when religion became a part of the national government. Wars fought between nations of different religions, and people forced to worship in the church of the national leader led to countless conflicts.

Example Question #34 : Historical Ideologies

Thomas Hobbes advocated the idea of an "enlightened despot." What was his vision of this ruler?

Possible Answers:

A monarch who was well educated

A military ruler who saw the folly of a monarch, and removed it from power

A monarch who believed in enlightenment ideals

A government run by only the elite of a society

Correct answer:

A monarch who believed in enlightenment ideals

Explanation:

Thomas Hobbes believed that a monarch should be an enlightened despot, meaning that they should rule over their nations. In terms of the content of that enlightenment, Hobbes believed it was to be found in the ideals of the enlightenment, such as religious tolerance, civil liberties, and education.

Example Question #35 : Historical Ideologies

John Locke posited the idea that all people have a set of Natural Rights. What are they?

Possible Answers:

Property, Equality, and Justice

Life, Liberty, and Property

Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness

Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity

Correct answer:

Life, Liberty, and Property

Explanation:

John Locke said that all people, regardless of race, ethnicity, or nationality had certain rights that no government should be allowed to violate. These basic principles were life, liberty, and property. You may recognize "Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness" from the Declaration of Independence, the authors of this document were definitely, and obviously from the phrasing, deeply influenced by Locke's writings, but Locke was long dead by the writing of the Declaration.

Example Question #36 : Historical Ideologies

What still widely used governmental structural device did the Baron de Montesquieu become famous for championing?

Possible Answers:

A Supreme Court

Separation of Powers

A Constitutional Republic

The Executive Branch

Correct answer:

Separation of Powers

Explanation:

The Baron de Montesquieu rose to prominence in France as a governmental scholar and philosopher. He championed the idea that government should be broken into different divisions, each holding different powers, so that no one part of government could become too powerful, and therefore be tempted to violate the rights of its citizens.

Example Question #37 : Historical Ideologies

Voltaire championed the idea of citizens having Civil Liberties. What liberties did he propose?

Possible Answers:

Freedom to bear arms, privacy, and assembly

Freedom of speech, press, and assembly

Freedom of religion, trade, and expression

Freedom of commerce, a trial by jury, and petition

Correct answer:

Freedom of religion, trade, and expression

Explanation:

Voltaire thought that all people should be guaranteed the right to practice their own religion, trade freely with anyone, and express themselves openly. He believed that government should not regulate people's to partake, or not take part in, any of these parts of life.

Example Question #38 : Historical Ideologies

Jean-Jacques Rousseau coined the idea of a social contract between people and their government. What is the main idea of this social contract?

Possible Answers:

People cast votes for their leaders, thus offering them the position of leadership

People allow governments to function so long as they get what they want from them

People allow their government to govern, and in return the government reflects the will of the people.

The government is given power, and in return is given protection

Correct answer:

People allow their government to govern, and in return the government reflects the will of the people.

Explanation:

The social contract stated that monarchs who claimed they were given the right to legislate by God were wrong. Rousseau claimed only the people were sovereign, and therefore only they had the right to legislate and determine the will of the nation.

Example Question #39 : Historical Ideologies

Which of these words means an extreme pride in ones nation/culture?

Possible Answers:

Nationalism

Fanaticism

Secularism

Patriotism

Correct answer:

Nationalism

Explanation:

An extreme pride in ones nation or culture is known as nationalism. This trend began to sweep Europe and the world in the era between the end of the Napoleonic Wars and World War I. This Nationalism would help lead the nations of the world to seek out combat between each other.

1 2 4 Next →
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors