AP Art History : Analyzing Early Christian, Byzantine, and Early Medieval sculpture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval Sculpture

Pictured above is the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, originally from Rome.

The function of this sarcophagus is to __________.

Possible Answers:

tell a story of Christ

decorate a Roman forum

commemorate a noble family

house the remains of the dead

Correct answer:

house the remains of the dead

Explanation:

The is a sarcophagus, which is an ancient casket meant to hold the remains of the dead.

Example Question #81 : Sculpture

Pictured above is the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, originally from Rome.

The material of this piece is __________.

Possible Answers:

marble.

teracotta.

quartz.

limestone.

Correct answer:

marble.

Explanation:

This sarcophagus, like most extant decorative pieces from the Christian period of Roman world, is marble.

Example Question #2 : Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval Sculpture

Pictured above is the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, originally from Rome.

The figures on the sarcophagus are done in __________.

Possible Answers:

high relief

bas relief

etching

shaped carving

Correct answer:

high relief

Explanation:

The figures are made by removing the areas around them, which is relief carving. It is high relief because the figures are carved so far away from the marble setting that they are almost free.

Example Question #4 : Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval Sculpture

Pictured above is the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, originally from Rome.

The stylistic elements of the sarcopagus most aptly reflect __________.

Possible Answers:

late imperial work

themes of suffering and redemption

an early Christian-Roman motif

Near Eastern cultural influence

Correct answer:

an early Christian-Roman motif

Explanation:

The figures are done in a Roman style, but reflect images of Christ and other Christian peoples, suggesting a blending of cultures.

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