AP Art History : 2D Art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #81 : 2 D Art

 

  558px-sandro_botticelli_-_la_nascita_di_venere_-_google_art_project_-_edited

 

The painting was created for the leading family of __________.

Possible Answers:

Florence

Venice

Milan

Rome

Correct answer:

Florence

Explanation:

This is "The Birth of Venus" by Sandro Botticelli. He worked directly for the Medicis, a family of bankers who ruled the northern Italian city-state of Florence. 

Example Question #81 : 2 D Art

 

          558px-sandro_botticelli_-_la_nascita_di_venere_-_google_art_project_-_edited

 

Venus' pose is called ________.

Possible Answers:

arabesque

supine

S-curve

contrapposto

Correct answer:

contrapposto

Explanation:

In Botticelli's "The Birth of Venus", Venus is standing in the classical contrapposto pose. Literally meaning "counter pose", the pose features the subject placing most of her weight on one foot, giving the effect of movement. This classical pose became very popular in the Renaissance, in large part because of Botticelli.

Example Question #81 : Ap Art History

John-patmos

The most likely original placement of this painting would have been in __________.

Possible Answers:

the private rooms of a palace

the altar of a church

the public space in a town center

the outer spaces of a church

Correct answer:

the altar of a church

Explanation:

The Early Netherlandish painters with whom Hieronymus Bosch was associated painted a number of altarpieces and devotional works to be placed in churches. This portrait of John on Patmos shows the purported author of the Book of Revelation in a reverential stance. Additionally, his positioning indicates this was the far right end of a triptych, a three-fold piece of art that had multiple paintings on one, usually religious, theme. Triptychs were common in church altars in the Late Medieval/Early Modern period.

Image: St. John the Evangelist on Patmos by Hieronymus Bosch (1489)

Example Question #11 : Renaissance To Contemporary 2 D Art

John-patmos

The artist of the above painting was a precursor to the twentieth-century movement known as __________.

Possible Answers:

Fauvism

Surrealism

Cubism

Impressionism

Correct answer:

Surrealism

Explanation:

Hieronymus Bosch's work, including this painting of St. John on Patmos, very much plays with realistic forms and styles, but also includes bizarrely grotesque and unnatural forms and shapes. While unique in his own time and largely singular for centuries, this use of realistic colors, human forms, and landscapes with bizarre, unnatural imagery would all become hallmarks of the twentieth-century art movement surrealism, particularly as practiced by Salvador Dali, Max Ernst, and Yves Tanguy.

Image: St. John the Evangelist on Patmos by Hieronymus Bosch (1489)

Example Question #15 : Fourteenth Through Sixteenth Century 2 D Art

John-patmos

The obvious paint strokes on this work of art are known as __________.

Possible Answers:

trompe-l'œil

ombré

impasto

brunaille

Correct answer:

impasto

Explanation:

"Impasto" is an Italian word meaning "paste" that is used in an artistic context to indicate that the paint on the surface of a work has been applied in thick, visible layers. Hieronymus Bosch's use of techniques that obviously showed his paint work, as in this painting, St. John the Evangelist on Patmos, stood in stark contrast to his fellow Flemish painters, who applied layer upon layer of glaze to give their works a smooth, reflective surface.

Image: St. John the Evangelist on Patmos by Hieronymus Bosch (1489)

Example Question #81 : 2 D Art

John-patmos

The image above portrays the author of the book of __________ in the Bible.

Possible Answers:

The Gospel of John

The Letter to the Romans

The Acts of the Apostles

Revelation

Correct answer:

Revelation

Explanation:

This work by the fifteenth-century Dutch painter Hieronymus Bosch, entitled St. John the Evangelist on Patmos, depicts the author of the Book of Revelation. The key signifiers of this fact in the painting are the subject's location on a small island and his gaze upwards towards both an angelic messenger and an image of heaven.

Image: St. John the Evangelist on Patmos by Hieronymus Bosch (1489)

Example Question #13 : Renaissance To Contemporary 2 D Art

John-patmos

The artist of the above work is __________.

Possible Answers:

Roger van der Weiden

Jan van Eyck

Pieter Breugel the Elder

Hieronymus Bosch

Correct answer:

Hieronymus Bosch

Explanation:

This painting, with its use of perspective and iconographic imagery, can be called "Early Netherlandish." This work's strange imagery and collage-like background, however, place it as a strange and unique mixture, which was made by the Flemish painter Hieronymus Bosch. Bosch's work often portrayed religious themes, such as this painting's subject of St. John on Patmos, and used bizarre imagery, which is in both the upper left and lower right corners.

Image: St. John the Evangelist on Patmos by Hieronymus Bosch (1489)

Example Question #11 : Renaissance To Contemporary 2 D Art

                Figure 1                                             Figure 2

300px-hans_holbein__the_younger_-_sir_thomas_more_-_google_art_project          501px-cromwell_thomas_1eessex_01

Both images above were painted by __________.

Possible Answers:

Lucas Cranach the Elder

Hans Holbein the Younger

Sampson Strong

Albrecht Dürer

Correct answer:

Hans Holbein the Younger

Explanation:

Hans Holbein the Younger was the court painter in England throughout much of the reign of King Henry VIII, a position he was brought to from his native Augsburg through connections with humanists in Northern Europe. These portraits are of two of Henry's advisors, Sir Thomas More (on the left) and Thomas Cromwell. Both bear the distinct elements of Holbein's portrait style, with accessories telling of the subject's life and a sense of perspective providing a remarkable realism for the era.

Figure 1: Portrait of Sir Thomas More by Hans Holbein the Younger (1527)

Figure 2: Portrait of Thomas Cromwell by Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1533)

Example Question #83 : Ap Art History

                Image A                                             Image B

300px-hans_holbein__the_younger_-_sir_thomas_more_-_google_art_project          501px-cromwell_thomas_1eessex_01

In the image on the left, the subject's pendant is a symbol of __________.

Possible Answers:

the Anglican church

the House of Tudor

the Papacy

the House of York

Correct answer:

the House of Tudor

Explanation:

The pendant Sir Thomas More is wearing as a necklace in this portrait by Hans Holbein the Younger is a Tudor rose, the symbol of the English House of Tudor established by Henry VII. More was a key advisor to Henry VII's son, Henry VIII, and is shown by Holbein as a loyal subject to his king. Additionally, the round, floral emblem, a mix of the white rose of York and the red rose of Lancaster, was widely used in English society throughout the sixteenth century.

Figure 1: Portrait of Sir Thomas More by Hans Holbein the Younger (1527)

Figure 2: Portrait of Thomas Cromwell by Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1533)

Example Question #12 : Renaissance To Contemporary 2 D Art

                Image A                                             Image B

300px-hans_holbein__the_younger_-_sir_thomas_more_-_google_art_project          501px-cromwell_thomas_1eessex_01

In the drawing on the right, the personal artifacts on the table in front of the image show __________.

Possible Answers:

the nobility of the subject's birth

the important position the subject held

the wealth of the subject

the religious zeal of the subject

Correct answer:

the important position the subject held

Explanation:

This portrait of Thomas Cromwell by Hans Holbein the Younger presents him as a chief councillor to Henry VIII, King of England. Cromwell was from a relatively minor family, and he made his way to his position through a mixture of hard work and political maneuvering. Holbein presents Cromwell behind a table with books and papers on it to exemplify Cromwell's position despite his background and reputation.

Figure 1: Portrait of Sir Thomas More by Hans Holbein the Younger (1527)

Figure 2: Portrait of Thomas Cromwell by Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1533)

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