AP Art History : 2D Art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #51 : Ap Art History

The Lindisfarne Gospels, Durham Gospels, and the Book of Kells are all examples of __________.

Possible Answers:

illuminated manuscripts

catechisms

tapestries

Poor Man's Bibles

Correct answer:

illuminated manuscripts

Explanation:

Illuminated manuscripts, typically but not always Bibles or books of the Bible, were some of the highest forms of art of the Middle Ages. The Lindisfarne Gospels, Durham Gospels, and the Book of Kells are among the chief examples of illustrated manuscripts from the British Isles in the early Middle Ages. Art from the British Isles during this time period is referred to as being in the "insular style," which refers to the art produced in the islands between the departure of the Romans and the Norman Conquest.

Example Question #2 : Romanesque 2 D Art

What is not true concerning the Bayeux Tapestry?

Possible Answers:

It was commissioned by Bishop Odo.

It is embroidered fabric.

It is a woven tapestry.

It is 230 feet long.

Correct answer:

It is a woven tapestry.

Explanation:

The Bayeux Tapestry is actually an embroidered fabric, not a woven tapestry. It was commissioned by the English Bishop Odo, and it is 230 feet long and 20 inches high.

Example Question #5 : Romanesque 2 D Art

Which of the following can NOT be found represented on the Bayeux Tapestry?

Possible Answers:

Halley's Comet

William the Conqueror

Man-bearing ships

Notre Dame Cathedral

Correct answer:

Notre Dame Cathedral

Explanation:

The Bayeux Tapestry is like a Romanesque illuminated manuscript depicting the Battle of Hastings and its foregoing events. It is set in Normandy and England. Since Paris is not part of the setting, Notre Dame cathedral (which wasn't yet constructed) is not depicted.

Example Question #6 : Romanesque 2 D Art

Which of the following is NOT TRUE concerning the Bayeux Tapestry?

Possible Answers:

It depicts the Battle of Hastings

It is a woolen tapestry woven in Flanders

It exemplifies continuous narration, i.e., it tells a story sequentially

In style, its figures resemble those on a Romanesque illuminated manuscript

Correct answer:

It is a woolen tapestry woven in Flanders

Explanation:

The Bayeux Tapestry is actually an embroidery of wool thread on linen, not a woven tapestry. Its sequential panels tell the story of the Battle of Hastings and its preceding events. The figures' flat and out-of-proportion appearance resembles that of figures on medieval manuscripts.

Example Question #1 : Answering Other Questions About Romanesque 2 D Art

In medieval hagiographic paintings, a figure holding keys represents __________.

Possible Answers:

Moses

St. Peter

Jesus Christ

St. Paul

Correct answer:

St. Peter

Explanation:

In the Christian tradition, Jesus is said to have given Peter the keys to his Kingdom, which the Roman Catholic church interpreted as making Peter the first Pope. In the highly symbolic and representative religious art of the middle ages, illiterate viewers could recognize St. Peter in painting by seeing him holding a set of keys.

Example Question #51 : Ancient Through Medieval 2 D Art

The Bayeux Tapestry is a large tapestry that commemorates __________.

Possible Answers:

the Norman Conquest of England in 1066

the capture of Pope Leo XI in 1053

the East-West Schism of Christianity in 1054

the defeat of Christian armies to the Almoravids in 1086

Correct answer:

the Norman Conquest of England in 1066

Explanation:

The Bayeux Tapestry is one of the most famous and well preserved Medieval tapestries, a common artistic form of the time period that served as a pictorial chronicle. The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the conquest of England by William II, Duke of Normandy, in 1066, and his defeat of the English King Harold Godwinson. The tapestry represents a certain kind of Romanesque art on a grand scale that has not survived in large numbers, while also serving as a historical record of William's conquest.

Example Question #2 : Answering Other Questions About Romanesque 2 D Art

What does iconoclasm mean?

Possible Answers:

The creation of religious images

Reverence shown toward religious images

The copying of religious images

The destruction of religious images

Correct answer:

The destruction of religious images

Explanation:

Iconoclasm refers to the destruction of religious images. A government-led iconoclasm occurred in the Byzantine era after the reign of Roman Emperor Justinian saw an increase in the creation of icons.

Example Question #1 : Gothic 2 D Art

A painting of a crucified Christ laying across the Virgin Mary is called __________.

Possible Answers:

a pietà

the ecce homo

an arma Christi

a salvator mundi

Correct answer:

a pietà

Explanation:

The pietà was a common theme among Gothic and Medieval artists who were Christians and used religious themes because it was one of the most dramatic moments of Christ's crucifixion story. The pietà depicts a dead Jesus who has just been taken down from the cross laying across the Virgin Mary's lap, with Mary looking extremely sorrowful.

Example Question #2 : Gothic 2 D Art

A stained-glass window in a cathedral depicting a variety of scriptural scenes is known as __________.

Possible Answers:

Poor Man's Bible

Rose Window

The Golden Legend

The Tree of Jesse

Correct answer:

Poor Man's Bible

Explanation:

The Poor Man's Bible was a way for the largely illiterate Medieval peasantry to be able to learn Bible stories despite their inability to actually read the Bible. In many cathedrals, most notably at Canterbury Cathedral in England, the Poor Man's Bible was a giant stained-glass window that had dozens of Biblical stories that could be easily referenced by priests and parishioners alike.

Example Question #3 : Gothic 2 D Art

In Christian art, a painting of the three kings visiting the Christ child is known as __________.

Possible Answers:

"The Road to Emmaus."

"The Nativity."

"The Annunciation."

"The Adoration of the Magi."

Correct answer:

"The Adoration of the Magi."

Explanation:

"Adoration of the Magi" is an Anglicization of the Vulgate Latin phrase "a Magis adoratur,a phrase found in the Gospel of Matthew. The scene, which features three distinguished men from the East visiting the newborn Jesus, was a popular one in Medieval art, thanks to its portrayal of precious gifts, ostentatious figures, and the Christ child in one scene.

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