Test: Ancient History: Greece

Ancient Greece was a collection of separate lands occupied by many cultures. One of these cultures were the Minoans. The Minoans were migrants from the Black Sea and Anatolia who settled on the island of Crete in the Aegean Sea. They flourished during the middle Bronze Age with a unique talent for art and architecture. Excavations at Knossos, Phaistos, Malia and Zakros revealed a sophisticated culture.  Complex palace structures of two or three stories covering several thousand meters acted as centers for local administration, trade, religious events and political centers in these cities. It is not clear if the palaces had a connection to the governing structure of the civilization; however, it is obvious that the palaces were utilized for local control of the gathering and storage of resources such as wine, oil, grain, precious metals and ceramics. Notably missing in the Minoan civilization were fortified settlements. Unlike other civilizations, the Minoan cities and towns did not have protective walls. While this suggests a peaceful civilization, it should not be interpreted as a lack of ability to defend their cities and towns.   Archeological findings of swords, daggers, defensive armor and helmets indicate that battles and wars may have been fought.

1.

What is a logical explanation for the lack of clarity in the relationship of palaces and power structure of the Minoan civilization?

The Minoans were overrun by Mycenaean warriors who governed the cities

The religious leaders of the Minoan civilization governed from the temples

Lack of sufficient literary and archaeological evidence to explain the power structure 

There was no form of Minoan writing to substantiate the existence of powerful leaders

The Minoans had no governing structure; citizens worked  together in a purely democratic manner

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