World History : Technological Revolution

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Technological Revolution

Who was the first to patent the gasoline-powered automobile?

Possible Answers:

François Isaac de Rivaz

Rudolf Diesel 

Henry Ford

George B. Selden

Karl Benz

Correct answer:

Karl Benz

Explanation:

Karl Benz received a German patent in 1886, becoming the first inventor of the automobile. François Isaac de Rivaz an internal combustion engine in 1807. George B. Seldon filed for a patent in 1879, but it wasn't granted until 1895. Rudolf Diesel was the inventor of the high-compression prototype engine in 1897. Henry Ford was one of the pioneers of mass producing automobiles in the early 20th century. 

Example Question #2 : Technological Revolution

Which of the following innovations did NOT come from China?

Possible Answers:

Telescope

Printing Press

Paper

Compass

Correct answer:

Telescope

Explanation:

The first recorded use of a telescope was in the Netherlands in 1608. The use of the Telescope led to many insights during the Scientific Revolution.

Example Question #3 : Technological Revolution

Which of the following is NOT an example of a technological revolution?

Possible Answers:

The Industrial Revolution

The Neolithic Revolution

The Commercial Revolution

The Digital Revolution

The Information Revolution

Correct answer:

The Commercial Revolution

Explanation:

A technological revolution is a brief period in history that occurs when a dominant technology is replaced with a more advanced technology, resulting in widespread social and political upheaval. For example, we have just witnessed the information revolution - stemming from the invention of the internet and advancements in computing technology - which has changed the way cultures interact and form. Because the Commercial Revolution was spurred by an economic model that originated in Europe, rather than the replacement of some technology, it does not qualify as a technological revolution.

Example Question #4 : Technological Revolution

All of the following factors contributed to industrial revolutions in both Britain and the United States EXCEPT _______________.

Possible Answers:

Increased access to iron

A steady decline in overseas trade

Increased access to coal

Rapid population growth

A long period of peacetime

Correct answer:

A steady decline in overseas trade

Explanation:

While no single factor caused the Industrial Revolution, it was made possible by the resources aggregated through colonialism, quick advances in technology, and a lack of wars that would have drawn away resources. A decline in overseas trade would have hampered the Industrial Revolution, which was driven both by the flow of raw materials from colonies and the flow of developed goods to colonies.

Example Question #5 : Technological Revolution

The Technological Revolution led to a new wave of what?

Possible Answers:

Conservation

Globalization

Standardization

Revolution

Correct answer:

Globalization

Explanation:

The inventions created during the Technological Revolution, like the telephone, and new advances with extending railroad and telegraph lines led to a new wave of globalization because it became easier to communicate over long distances and share ideas. The Technological Revolution did not lead to more conservation, but actually to more pollution. Neither did it lead to standardization, as countries tried to fight the tide of globalization nor did it cause unrest that led to revolutions.

Example Question #6 : Technological Revolution

What were important reasons why the Industrial revolution occurred in 18th-century Great Britain?

Possible Answers:

All of these

The Agricultural Revolution had a profound impact on the British population, creating a large amount of aggregate demand

Britain had large amounts of natural resources such as Iron and Coal

Creation of British laws regarding intellectual property led to technological innovations, importantly the steam engine

Correct answer:

All of these

Explanation:

While many Northwest European nations had made several steps toward industrialization along with Britain, it was these three among other characteristics that led the revolution to occur in Britain first.

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