World History : Imperialism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Imperialism

What international event is considered to have ended Pax Britannica?

Possible Answers:

World War II

The Napoleonic Wars

The Crimean War

World War I

The American Revolution

Correct answer:

World War I

Explanation:

Pax Britannica spanned from 1815-1914, beginning after the British victory in the Napoleonic Wars and ending with the beginning of World War I – the first major international conflict in a century.

Example Question #2 : Imperialism

The Ottoman Empire was founded approximately at the beginning of which century?

Possible Answers:

14th

18th

12th

15th

13th

Correct answer:

14th

Explanation:

The Ottoman Empire was founded in 1299 from a Turkic tribe known as Oghuz Turks, led by Osman I.

Example Question #3 : Imperialism

What was the capital city for most of the Ottoman Empire's duration?

Possible Answers:

Jerusalem

Anatolia

Mecca

Istanbul

Ankara

Correct answer:

Istanbul

Explanation:

After being conquered in 1453 by the Ottomans, the city of Constantinople became the city of Istanbul, replacing the former Ottoman capital of Adrianople or Edrene.

Example Question #4 : Imperialism

The First British Empire was ended by what international event?

Possible Answers:

The Crimean War

The American Revolution

The War of 1812

There was no official end to the First British Empire

The Partition of India

Correct answer:

The American Revolution

Explanation:

The First British Empire was predominately focused on Britain’s Western expansion across the Atlantic Oceans and its holdings in the Americas (along with some influence in India and China). The successful revolt of the Americans in 1776 was a powerful blow to the imperial influence of Great Britain and significantly shrunk the scope of its power at the time.

Example Question #5 : Imperialism

Britain’s original empire was based on what economic concept?

Possible Answers:

Free Trade

Monetary Manipulation

None of these

Dollar Diplomacy

Mercantilism

Correct answer:

Mercantilism

Explanation:

Mercantilism is an economic theory that focuses on controlling economic growth for the purpose of growing state power. Britain’s system of mercantilism for its colonies involved collecting raw resources and unfinished goods from colonial workers and then selling the completed products out of Britain to accumulate wealth. In Britain’s original empire, the American colonies were a good example of sending resources only found in their areas across the Atlantic to Britain.

Example Question #6 : Imperialism

The Triangle Trade generally refers to what historical practice?

Possible Answers:

The nexus of the silk road in the Middle East between China, Europe, and Africa

The trade patterns of diamonds moving from Africa to China before finally arriving in Europe

None of these

The general shape of the trading routes linking China, India, and the Philippines

The 3-pointed slave trade route between Africa, the Americas, and Britain across the Atlantic

Correct answer:

The 3-pointed slave trade route between Africa, the Americas, and Britain across the Atlantic

Explanation:

Although triangle trade can refer to multiple different trading scenarios between three areas, the classic triangle trade example in World History is the Atlantic Slave Trade. In this trading route, slaves were brought from Africa to the Americas, where they would be used to produce resources that were brought to Europe for processing and sale.

Example Question #7 : Imperialism

The term Pax Britannica refers to what concept?

Possible Answers:

None of these

The notion that all cultures knew Britain due to their widespread influence

The century of peace experienced under British hegemony

That during the height of their power, Britain controlled all sea travel

The informal title for Britain’s Second Great Empire

Correct answer:

The century of peace experienced under British hegemony

Explanation:

From around 1815-1914, the world enjoyed a mostly peaceful existence with no great international wars. This period is attributed to Britain’s widespread power and hegemonic influence, deterring and settling potential conflicts before they could escalate. The exception might be the Crimean War, fought to stop Russian aggression in the Crimea.

Example Question #8 : Imperialism

The harrowing journey that brought abducted Africans to be slaves in America is known as what?

Possible Answers:

None of these

The Trail of Tears

The Underground Railroad

The Middle Passage

The Atlantic Channel

Correct answer:

The Middle Passage

Explanation:

The Middle Passage was the most iconic side of the triangle trade, transporting millions of enslaved African natives across the Atlantic Ocean for approximately four centuries.

Example Question #9 : Imperialism

Which other great empire was defeated by the Ottoman Empire in 1453?

Possible Answers:

The Delhi Sultanate

The Saadi Dynasty

The Khmer Empire

The Byzantine Empire

The Mongol Empire

Correct answer:

The Byzantine Empire

Explanation:

The Byzantine Empire generally refers to the later Eastern Roman Empire, or the last remnants of the Roman Empire at the bottom of its decline. In 1453, the Ottoman Turks successfully conquered the capital Constantinople and renamed it Istanbul – marking the end of the Byzantine and East Roman Empires.

Example Question #10 : Imperialism

Which country or territory did Imperial Japan seize prior to World War I?

Possible Answers:

Korea

Taiwan

The Sakhalin Island

None of these

All of these are correct

Correct answer:

All of these are correct

Explanation:

Japan began to ramp up its imperial ambitions towards the beginning of the 20th century. It won possession of Taiwan in the First Sino-Japanese War which was originally fought over Korea, and then later annexed Korea in 1910. The Sakhalin Island was a Russian possession that Japan laid claim to, and won a portion of during the Russo-Japanese war that was also fought over imperial ambitions over Korea. Russia would later win back its losses following the end of World War II.

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