World History : Europe in the Middle Ages

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Europe In The Middle Ages

The War of the Roses was a 15th century civil conflict for the control of which nation?

Possible Answers:

France

The United States

China

Spain

England

Correct answer:

England

Explanation:

The United States did not exist in the 15th century, so that would not be a good choice. China was ruled by the Ming dynasty for this period and did not experience civil war, so that would not be the best choice. France and Spain did not have a civil war that was known by this name, so they too would not be good answers. Lastly, the War of the Roses was a war of succession over the English throne, so that would be the best answer here.

Example Question #2 : Europe In The Middle Ages

The document that established a constitutional monarchy in England was which one of the following?

Possible Answers:

None of these

The Upanishads

The Magna Carta

The Articles of Confederation

The Constitution

Correct answer:

The Magna Carta

Explanation:

The Articles of Confederation convened the first government of the future United States, so it would not be the best answer. The Constitution convened the current government of the United States, so that would also not be a good answer to the question. The Upanishads are a religious text from Hinduism, so that would not be a good choice here. Last, the Magna Carta was created in the 13th century and established a constitutional monarchy in England, so that would be the best choice.

Example Question #3 : Europe In The Middle Ages

The Hundred Years' War, fought intermittently between 1337 to 1453 was a war fought for control of lands in this modern nation?

Possible Answers:

France

Germany

Ireland

Scotland

Italy

Correct answer:

France

Explanation:

The Hundred Years' War was primarily fought in what would later be known as France, although some battles were waged in the Netherlands, Spain, and England. The Norman invasion of England had resulted in generations of land claims between England and northern France. England and France would fight historic battles, including Crecy, Agincourt, and Poitiers, over control of French territory. Truces resulted in England eventually losing ownership of lands in France, while the French countryside was devastated by mercenaries, economic hardship, disease, and starvation.

Example Question #4 : Europe In The Middle Ages

Which English king was responsible for England's break with the Catholic Church?

Possible Answers:

Henry VIII

Edward VIII

Charles I

George III

Henry VII

Correct answer:

Henry VIII

Explanation:

Henry VIII, known for his many wives (and there mostly tragic ends), was the person most responsible for England's break with Catholicism. Frustrated by the Pope's unwillingness to grant him a divorce, Henry decided to take matters into his own hands and declared himself head of the Church of England. This led to some unrest in his realm, but Henry's decision marked the end of Catholic monarchs in England (with the exception of his daughter, Mary). 

Example Question #5 : Europe In The Middle Ages

What was the purpose of the Magna Carta?

Possible Answers:

To limit the power of the monarchy and extend protections to the nobility

To abolish the monarchy and establish an oligarchy

To establish a democracy in Britain

To form an alliance with the French

To increase the power of the monarchy at the expense of the nobility

Correct answer:

To limit the power of the monarchy and extend protections to the nobility

Explanation:

Signed by King John in 1215, the Magna Carta came on the heels of tension between the king and his barons. The document was meant to relieve the tension; however, King John did not abide by his word, leading to rebellion. Eventually, English kings started signing versions of the Magna Carta whenever they ascended to the throne as a gesture of goodwill towards the nobility.

Example Question #83 : World History

What conflict is Joan of Arc known for fighting in?

Possible Answers:

The Thirteen Years' War

The Hundred Years' War

The Thirty Years' War

The Norman conquest of Britain

The War of Spanish Succession

Correct answer:

The Hundred Years' War

Explanation:

Joan of Arc was born a peasant in France during Hundred Years' War. As a teenager, she claimed to have received visions of angels and saints, who told her to support the deposed French king Charles VII. Charles sent her to help relieve the Siege of Orleans in 1429, and, when the siege ended less than two weeks later, Joan became a hero. She would play a role in the conflict until her capture in subsequent execution in 1431. 

Example Question #6 : Europe In The Middle Ages

Historians generally agree that the Middle Ages started in Europe when __________.

Possible Answers:

the Renaissance began

the Black Death subsided

the feudalist system began to decline

the Crusades began

the Western Roman Empire fell

Correct answer:

the Western Roman Empire fell

Explanation:

While all of the answers are points in the European Middle Ages, the general period began when the Western Roman Empire finally declined. This made way for many new peoples to migrate into the empire's former territory, and for new ways of life to develop. 

Example Question #85 : World History

The Franks managed to secure the large (yet short lived) __________ Empire across much of Europe from the late 8th to early 9th centuries.

Possible Answers:

Carolingian

Ottoman

Byzantine

Tudor

Merovingian

Correct answer:

Carolingian

Explanation:

The Frankish Carolingian Dynasty established its empire across much of Europe, but its reign did not last long. Internal conflicts, as well as external threats, caused the empire to decline rapidly. The other answers are incorrect because they either refer to famous names/dynasties from the Middle Ages (Tudor, Merovingian) or to other greater empires from the period (Byzantine, Ottoman)

Example Question #86 : World History

From 1309 to 1377, seven popes resided not in the Vatican in Rome but in what other European City?

Possible Answers:

Milan

Paris

Avignon 

Amsterdam

Bordeaux

Correct answer:

Avignon 

Explanation:

Up to the 1300s there was a power struggle between the papacy and other rulers of Europe, especially with King Philip IV of France. Due to the success of previous crusades, the Pope emerged as not just a religious but also a political leader in Europe which angered other kings. When Clement V, a frenchman, was elected Pope in 1305, he refused to move to Rome and instead set up the papacy in Avignon, France. During the schism, all seven of the elected popes were French. The schism finally ended when Pope Gregory XI returned to Rome in 1377. 

Example Question #87 : World History

The Black Death is estimated to have killed between what percent of the total European population?

Possible Answers:

25%-55%

10%-40%

50%-80%

65%-95%

30%-60%

Correct answer:

30%-60%

Explanation:

The Black Death peaked in Europe between 1346-1353 but had lasting effects on European society for centuries thereafter. It killed between an estimated 75-200 million people, at least 1/3 of the entire European population at the time. The plague is believed to have originated from Central Asia and carried to Europe through rats on trade ships to the east. It led to extreme social and political upheaval throughout all of Europe as well as renewed religious piety and persecutions. 

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